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Miscellaneous religions and their members

animism

noun

a religion in which people believe that things in nature, such as animals, trees, and mountains, have spirits

ascetic

noun

someone who lives a very simple life, especially for religious reasons

Baha’i

noun

the religion established in Iran in the 19th century that considers that all religions are equally important and wants peace in the world

brethren

noun

the male members of a religious group

brother

noun

a man who is a member of a religious group, especially a monk

cleric

noun

a leader of any religion

congregation

noun

a group of people gathered together for a religious service

congregation

noun

the group of people who regularly worship at a particular church

coreligionist

noun

someone whose religion is the same as yours

cult

noun

a religious group, especially one with beliefs that most people consider strange or dangerous

denomination

noun

a section of the Christian religion with its own beliefs and practices

denominational

adjective

relating to a particular religious group

Druid

noun

a priest in the ancient Celtic religion

Druid

noun

a member of a modern religious group with similar beliefs to the ancient Druids

faith community

noun

the people who belong to a particular church or a particular religious group

fanatic

noun

someone who has very strong religious or political beliefs that often make them behave in an unreasonable way

fundamentalist

noun

someone who believes that original religious and political laws should be followed very strictly and should not be changed

hermit

noun

someone who chooses to live alone and far away from society for religious reasons

interfaith

adjective

involving people who belong to different religions

martyr

noun

someone who suffers or is killed because of their religious or political beliefs

mendicant

noun

someone who belongs to a religious group that lives by asking the public for food, money etc

the Messiah

noun

a religious leader who some people believe is sent by God to save the world

missionary

noun

someone who has been sent to a place by a religious organization to teach the people there about a particular religion

monk

noun

a man who lives in a religious community away from other people. Monks live in a building called a monastery

mystic

noun

someone who practises or believes in mysticism

novice

noun

someone who has entered a religious community but is not yet a full member

nun

noun

a woman who belongs to a religious community of women and who lives in a convent

order

noun

a group of people, especially monks or nuns, who live according to specific religious rules

pagan

adjective

relating to an ancient religion that had many gods and praised nature

pagan

noun

someone who believes in a religion that is not one of the main modern religions. This word was used especially in the past by Christians to criticize people whose religion was not Christianity.

Parsee

noun

someone in India whose religion is zoroastrianism

Parsi

another spelling of Parsee

penitent

noun

someone who is sorry for something bad that they have done and who wants to change their behaviour, especially because of their religious beliefs

pilgrim

noun

someone who travels to a holy place that is important in their religion

the Plymouth Brethren

a Protestant group started in the UK around 1830 that has no priests and believes that the Bible should be followed very strictly

predicant

noun

a member of a religious group, especially the Dominicans, who go from place to place preaching

predikant

noun

another spelling of predicant

priest

noun

a man who performs religious duties in some religions that are not Christian

priestess

noun

a woman who performs religious duties in some religions that are not Christian

Rasta

noun

a Rastafarian

Rastafarian

noun

a member of a black religious group based in Jamaica that believes that West Indians will one day go back to Africa. Its main religious leader was Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia.

Rastaman

noun

a male Rastafarian

revivalist

noun

someone who tries to make something popular or successful again, especially religion

sect

noun

a religious group whose beliefs are different from the beliefs of an established religion, usually in a way that most people do not approve of

shaman

noun

in some religions, someone who has the power to talk to spirits and cure illnesses

sister

noun

a nun (=a woman who is a member of a religious community)

Sister

noun

used in front of the first name of a nun, when talking to her or about her

sisterhood

noun

a group of women who live together in a religious community

Sr

abbreviation

sister: used as a title for a nun

Taoism

noun

a Chinese system of religion and thought that says people should live a simple, natural, and honest life

visionary

noun

someone who has religious visions

votary

noun

someone who is a very keen follower of a particular religion

yogi

noun

a student of Indian religion

Zoroastrianism

noun

a religion in parts of Iran and India

mendicant

adjective

pantheist

noun

Rastafarianism

noun

shamanism

noun

hostile architecture

the design of buildings or public spaces in a way which discourages people from touching, climbing or sitting on them …

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boots on the ground

a situation in which a country's armed forces are physically present in an area of conflict …

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