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Miscellaneous legal terms

alienate

verb

to give someone something such as property or rights

alienation

noun

the process of giving someone something such as property or rights

assign

verb

to give someone the ownership of or rights to property

assignee

noun

someone who is legally given a right or responsibility

assignment

noun

the act of giving the ownership of or rights to property to someone

attest

verb

to state formally that you believe something is true, correct, or real

bail

noun

money that is given to a court when someone is allowed to stay out of prison until their trial. If they do not return for the trial, the court keeps the money

blind trust

noun

an arrangement in which a legal representative controls the money of someone such as a government official, who is not given specific information about how their money is being managed

cancel

verb

to say that a legal agreement or obligation is now ended

cancellation

noun

a decision to end a legal agreement or obligation

cause

verb

used about someone who has done something wrong

competence

noun

the fact of being allowed to have your case judged by a court

competence

noun

the fact of being allowed to be a witness in a court case

contributory negligence

noun

the failure of a person who has been injured to take action to avoid or prevent an accident, so that they are considered partly responsible for it

costs

noun

money that someone involved in a court case must give in order to help to pay for the lawyers and the court, usually after they have lost the case

discovery

noun

the process of making evidence and other documents available to the people involved in a legal case

forfeiture

noun

the loss of a right, a benefit, or something that you own because you have failed to do something or have done something wrong

injury

noun

harm done to your reputation, career, or feelings by someone or something

injury

noun

a failure to respect your legal rights or property

liability

noun

legal responsibility for causing damage or injury, or for paying something

notarized

adjective

signed by a notary and therefore official

nullity

noun

the condition of having no legal effect

principal

noun

a person or organization that has someone to represent them in legal and business matters

privilege

noun

a situation in which lawyers, doctors, and other professional people are legally allowed to keep their discussions with people secret

remedy

noun

a solution to a disagreement

reversion

noun

the process by which a place returns to a previous owner or government

revert to

if property reverts to its previous owner, it is returned to that owner

said

adjective

mentioned earlier

satisfaction

noun

the action of doing something that is legally necessary

surety

noun

someone who agrees to pay money if you do not go to court when you should, or if you do not pay money that you owe

surety

noun

money that someone gives to make sure that someone else will appear in court or pay money that they owe

tort

noun

an action that harms someone and for which you can be judged legally responsible although it is not a crime

writ

noun

an official document that tells someone to do something or to stop doing something

be of sound mind

to not be mentally ill

beyond (a) reasonable doubt

to a degree that the law considers to be satisfactory for making a decision

enjoin someone from something

to legally order someone not to do something

give someone notice

to tell someone officially that you intend to do something

keep the peace

to avoid or prevent noisy or violent behaviour in public

the burden of proof

the responsibility of proving that something is true in a court of law

the injured party

someone who has not been treated fairly

the innocent party

someone who has been harmed by the wrong action of another person

the spirit of the law

the real meaning or intention of a law, even if the way it is written does not express this

with menaces

if someone tries to get money with menaces, they threaten to harm someone unless they get the money that they want

pre-cation

a paid holiday given to a new employee before they start their job

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