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Metals

aluminium

noun

a light silver-coloured metal that is used for making things such as pans for cooking

aluminum

the American spelling of aluminium

barium

noun

a soft metal that is a silver-white colour

bauxite

noun

an ore from which the metal aluminium is obtained

brass

noun

a shiny yellow metal that is used for making musical instruments and objects such as door handles. It is a mixture of copper and zinc

bronze

noun

a hard brown metal used for making statues and objects for decoration. It is made by mixing copper and tin.

cadmium

noun

a chemical element that is a metal and is used, for example, in making batteries

cast iron

noun

very hard iron that breaks easily. It is made into objects by being heated and poured into moulds.

chrome

noun

a hard metal alloy (=a combination of different metals) used for covering other metals to make them shiny

chromium

noun

a white metal used for making alloys (=combinations of different metals) and for putting a hard shiny covering on other metals

cobalt

noun

a hard silver-white metal used in alloys (=combinations of metals) and for making things blue

copper

noun

a red-brown metal used especially for making wire or pipes

fool’s gold

noun

a yellow metal that looks like gold

gold

noun

a valuable yellow metal used for making jewellery

gunmetal

noun

a dull grey metal made from copper, tin, and zinc

iron

noun

a hard heavy metal that is a common element. It is used for making steel and is also used in many types of machine and building structures.

lead

noun

a soft heavy grey metal used especially in the past for making pipes, covering roofs, and in paint

lithium

noun

a very soft silver-white metal that is lighter than all other metals

lodestone

noun

a type of iron that attracts other iron or steel

magnesium

noun

a chemical element that is a light grey metal. Magnesium burns very brightly and is used in photography and for making fireworks.

magnet

noun

a piece of metal that can make iron or steel objects come to it so that they seem to stick to it

manganese

noun

a hard grey metal used for making steel and glass

mercury

noun

a silver liquid metal element that is used in thermometers (=pieces of equipment that measure temperature)

nickel

noun

a hard silver metal

pewter

noun

a grey metal made by mixing lead and tin, used in the past for making plates, cups, and other objects

pig iron

noun

iron that has not been treated to make it more pure

platinum

noun

a silver-grey metal used in industry and for making expensive jewellery

potassium

noun

a soft white metal that is used, combined with other substances, for making soap and fertilizer

pyrites

noun

a hard substance found in rock that is a mixture of sulphur (=a yellow element) and a metal, especially iron. It is also known as fool’s gold because it looks very much like gold.

quicksilver

noun

mercury

rolled gold

noun

a thin layer of gold covering a less expensive metal

silver

noun

a light grey bright metal used for making jewellery, coins, silverware, etc

sodium

noun

a chemical element that is a silver-white metal, usually found combined with other chemicals

stainless steel

noun

steel that has been treated to stop rust forming on its surface, used for making knives, tools, and other things

steel

noun

a strong metal made from a mixture of iron and carbon

sterling

noun

silver of a standard quality

strontium

noun

a soft grey metal that burns easily, used in fireworks

superconductor

noun

a metal that allows electricity to pass through it without any resistance at very low temperatures

tin

noun

a soft light silver metal, often used for covering iron or steel. Tin is a chemical element.

tinplate

noun

flat pieces of iron or steel covered with tin

titanium

noun

a strong light and expensive white metal that is a chemical element

tungsten

noun

a very hard metal used for making steel

uranium

noun

a chemical element that is a metal and is used for producing nuclear energy because it is radioactive

wrought iron

noun

iron used for making things such as fences and gates, especially for decoration

zinc

noun

a chemical element that is a blue-white metal

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