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Medical tests and examinations

amniocentesis

noun

a test carried out on liquid taken from a pregnant woman’s womb in order to find out if the baby has any medical problems

autopsy

noun

a medical examination of a dead person’s body to find out why they died

biopsy

noun

a medical test in which cells are taken from your body and examined to find out if they are healthy

blood test

noun

a medical test in which a small amount of blood is taken from someone and tested to see if it shows any disease, drugs etc in the body

CAT scan

noun

a medical test in which computer technology is used for producing an image of the inside of a part of your body, or the image that is produced in this way

cervical smear

noun

a medical test in which cells are taken from a woman’s cervix to check for cancer. The American word is Pap smear.

check

noun

an examination of someone to find out whether they are healthy

check-up

noun

an examination by a doctor or dentist to make sure that you are healthy

controlled trial

noun

a scientific test of a drug in which the results from one group of people who take the drug are compared with the results from another group of people who do not take it

CT scan

noun

a cat scan

diagnosis

noun

a statement about what disease someone has, based on examining them

EEG

noun

electroencephalogram: a medical test of electrical activity in the brain

exam

noun

a medical examination

examination

noun

an occasion when a doctor looks carefully at someone’s body to make certain they are healthy

mammogram

noun

a photograph of a woman’s breast taken using x-rays in order to discover whether she has breast cancer

mammography

noun

the process of x-raying a woman’s breast in order to discover whether she has breast cancer

medical

noun

a complete examination of your body by a doctor

medical examination

noun

an examination of your body by a doctor to find out if you have any health problems

MRI scan

noun

a medical test in which images are made of the organs inside your body, or the image that is produced in this way. MRI is a short form of magnetic resonance imaging.

Pap smear

noun

a cervical smear

physical

noun

a physical examination

physical examination

noun

a medical examination to find out whether someone is healthy enough to do something such as a particular job

positive

noun

a medical test result that shows someone has the disease or condition that was tested for. A false positive is a result that shows you have a disease or condition when you really do not have it.

postmortem

noun

a medical examination of a dead body to find out why the person died

preventive medicine

noun

medical examinations, treatments, advice etc intended to prevent illness or discover it before it becomes serious

scan

noun

a medical test that uses a special piece of equipment to produce a picture of the inside of your body

scan

noun

a medical test that uses a special piece of equipment to produce a picture of a developing baby inside a pregnant woman

screening

noun

tests done to check someone for a particular disease

self-examination

noun

the process of checking parts of your own body for signs of disease

smear

noun

a smear test

smear test

noun

a medical test in which a doctor takes cells from the entrance to a woman’s womb (=the part of her body where a baby grows) to check for cancer. A smear test is often simply called a smear and doctors usually call it a cervical smear.

stress test

noun

a test that is used to find out if a person has a particular health problem

swab

noun

a small amount of a body substance that has been removed from someone’s body with a swab

test

noun

an examination of a part of your body or of a substance taken from your body

tracing

noun

a process in which a substance is passed through someone’s body to show where a problem is

ultrasound

noun

a way of producing an image of an organ inside someone’s body using sound waves

X-ray

noun

a picture of the bones or organs inside someone’s body taken using X-rays

dark pool

a method of financial trading in which share prices are hidden and not openly available to the public

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money, food, or clothes given to poor people

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