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Medical operations

abortion

noun

a medical operation in which a developing baby is removed from a woman’s body so that it is not born alive

angioplasty

noun

a medical operation to repair an artery (=tube carrying blood around the body) that has become blocked or too narrow

appendectomy

noun

an operation in which your appendix is removed

bypass

noun

a medical operation to make someone’s blood flow past a blocked or damaged part of their heart rather than through it

caesarean

noun

a medical operation in which a baby is born by being removed from a woman’s body through a cut made in her abdomen, because the baby cannot be born in the normal way.

cesarean

noun

a caesarean

circumcision

noun

the process of circumcising someone

circumcision

noun

a religious ceremony or medical operation in which someone is circumcised

colostomy

noun

a medical operation in which part of the colon is removed and a hole is made in the stomach through which solid waste can leave the body

C-section

noun

a caesarean

D and C

noun

dilation and curettage: a medical operation to remove material from inside a woman’s womb

dilatation and curettage

noun

a D and C

endoscopy

noun

a medical operation in which an endoscope (=a very small camera on a long thin tube) is put into someone’s body to examine inside it

episiotomy

noun

a cut made in a woman’s vagina to make it larger so that she can give birth more easily

gender reassignment

noun

a medical operation or series of operations that change a man into a woman or a woman into a man

heart bypass

noun

a medical operation in which blood is directed around a blocked blood vessel in the heart

hysterectomy

noun

a medical operation for removing a woman’s womb (=the part of her body where a baby can grow)

keyhole surgery

noun

a type of medical operation which is performed through a very small hole in a person’s body, using very small electronic cameras

laparoscopy

noun

a medical operation in which a narrow tube called a laparoscope is put into a part of the body in order to operate on it or examine it

laparotomy

noun

a cut that is made in the stomach in order to examine the inside of it

liposuction

noun

a medical operation to remove fat from a part of someone’s body

lobotomy

noun

a medical operation in which part of someone’s brain is removed as a way of treating serious mental illness

lumpectomy

noun

a medical operation to remove a lump, usually from a woman’s breast

mastectomy

noun

a medical operation in which a woman’s breast is removed

microsurgery

noun

medical operations that are done using very small pieces of equipment and a very powerful microscope

op

noun

a medical operation

open-heart surgery

noun

a medical operation on someone’s heart in which their chest is cut open

operation

noun

the process of cutting into someone’s body for medical reasons

procedure

noun

a medical operation that is done in a particular way

section

noun

the process of cutting something during an operation

section

noun

a caesarean

sex change

noun

a medical operation or series of operations that change a man into a woman or a woman into a man

skin graft

noun

a medical operation in which skin is taken from one part of someone’s body and put on another part of their body where skin has been damaged

termination

noun

a medical operation in which a baby is removed from a woman’s body before it is completely developed, so that it is not born alive. The more usual word for this is an abortion.

tonsillectomy

noun

a medical operation to remove your tonsils

tracheotomy

noun

a medical operation in which a hole is cut in someone’s trachea to let air into their lungs

transplant

noun

a medical operation in which a new organ is put into someone’s body. The organ is taken from the body of another person, especially someone who has just died, who is called a donor

vasectomy

noun

a medical operation that makes a man unable to have children. Doctors cut the tube that the man’s sperm passes through.

amputation

noun

castration

noun

creep

used with other nouns to describe the unexpected and often unwanted effects of a particular situation or trend

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

sandwich woman

a woman in middle age who has to juggle caring for teenage children and ageing parents with a career

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