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Medical and health treatments

acupressure

noun

a medical treatment from China that involves pressing on different parts of the body with the hands

acupuncture

noun

a medical treatment from China that involves putting special needles into particular parts of the body

aftercare

noun

care and treatment for someone who has been in hospital

Alexander Technique

a method of teaching people how to sit, stand, and move their body correctly

alternative medicine

noun

medical treatment using methods that are different from the usual Western scientific methods, for example homeopathy and acupuncture

anaesthesia

noun

an anaesthetic that is given to someone before they have a medical operation, or the use of anaesthetics

analgesia

noun

medical treatment to control pain

aromatherapy

noun

a health treatment in which oils with a nice smell are rubbed into your skin to make you feel relaxed. Someone who is trained to do aromatherapy is called an aromatherapist.

artificial insemination

noun

a medical treatment in which a man’s sperm (=cells from his sex organs) are put into a woman’s womb (=the part of her body where a baby can grow) so that she can become pregnant

art therapy

noun

a type of treatment for people with a mental illness in which they express their feelings by painting, drawing, or making sculptures

aspiration

noun

the process of removing liquid from inside someone’s body, usually with a needle or syringe

assisted reproduction

noun

the medical processes that doctors use to help couples who cannot have a baby naturally, including processes such as IVF

Ayurvedic medicine

noun

a traditional system of medicine from India that gives people advice on food and the way they live

bloodletting

noun

a medical treatment used in the past in which blood was taken from people who were ill

blood transfusion

noun

a medical treatment in which blood from another person is put into someone’s body, for example if they have lost a lot of blood from an injury

bush medicine

noun

the traditional ways of treating illnesses used by aboriginal people in Australia

care pathway

noun

an approach for health professionals to use when managing the care of patients with particular health conditions, which sets out the different steps to be taken at different stages

chemo

noun

chemotherapy

chemotherapy

noun

the treatment of diseases, especially cancer, by drugs that are usually put directly into a patient’s vein

Chinese medicine

noun

a traditional system of medicine from China that uses herbs, minerals, and animal products in addition to acupuncture, massage, and exercise

chiropractic

noun

medical treatment given by a chiropractor

colonic irrigation

noun

a treatment in which someone’s colon is washed, which some people believe is good for health

complementary medicine

noun

medical treatment using methods that are not used by most doctors and are intended to treat the causes of a disease rather than the symptoms. In western societies, acupuncture and hypnosis are types of complementary medicine.

course

noun

a medical treatment that someone is given over a period of time

CPR

noun

cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a medical treatment in which you breathe air into someone’s mouth and press their chest repeatedly in order to make them start breathing again and make their heart start working again

critical care

noun

the highest level of care in a hospital for patients who are extremely ill and could die at any time

detox

noun

treatment in a special hospital to help someone to stop taking drugs or drinking alcohol

detoxification

noun

detox

dialysis

noun

a medical treatment that removes waste substances from the blood of someone whose kidneys are not working properly

ECT

noun

electroconvulsive therapy: a medical treatment for serious mental illness in which electricity is passed through your brain

electroconvulsive therapy

noun

ECT

enema

noun

a medical treatment in which liquid is forced into a person’s intestines through their anus to make them go to the toilet to empty their bowels

epidural

noun

a medical treatment in which an anaesthetic (=drug that stops you feeling pain) is put into the lower back, especially of a woman who is giving birth to a baby

first aid

noun

basic medical treatment given as soon as someone is injured or becomes ill

gene therapy

noun

a medical treatment in which genes are put into cells in the body in order to cure some types of illness

healing

noun

a method in which someone is believed to be able to treat illnesses using special powers

herbalism

noun

the study or practice of using herbs as medicines

herbal medicine

noun

the treatment of illness with medicines made from plants

homeopathy

noun

a way of treating illness by giving small amounts of natural substances that in large amounts would cause the illness. It is a form of complementary medicine. A person who treats people using homeopathy is called a homeopath.

homoeopathy

another spelling of homeopathy

hormone replacement therapy

noun

medical treatment in which hormones are given to a woman to reduce the effects of the menopause (=when she stops being able to have children)

HRT

noun

hormone replacement therapy: a medical treatment designed to reduce the effects of a woman’s menopause

hydrotherapy

noun

a medical treatment that uses water, for example helping muscles to become stronger by doing exercises in a swimming pool

hypnotherapy

noun

the use of hypnosis to treat physical or emotional problems

immunosuppression

noun

the process of preventing the body’s immune system from working, for example so that it does not refuse to accept a new organ after a transplant operation

incision

noun

a cut made into the body with a knife, usually during a medical operation

induction

noun

the process of causing physical changes in the body of a person or animal

intensive care

noun

the special medical care provided in this department

internal medicine

noun

medical treatment of organs inside your body using methods that do not involve surgery (=cutting open the body)

irradiation

noun

the use of radiation to help to treat injury or disease, for example x-rays, gamma rays or neutrons

the kiss of life

noun

mouth-to-mouth resuscitation

life support

noun

measures intended to keep someone alive when they are very ill

lumbar puncture

noun

a medical treatment or test in which a needle is used to inject medicine into or take liquid from your spine

manipulation

noun

the use of your hands to move or press part of someone’s body as part of a medical treatment

massage

noun

the action of pressing, squeezing, and rubbing someone’s body in order to reduce pain in their muscles or to make them relax

meridian

noun

an imaginary line that connects points of energy in your body, used by doctors who treat people using acupuncture

mouth-to-mouth resuscitation

noun

a way of making someone breathe again after they have stopped, by blowing air into their mouth to fill their lungs. It is often simply called mouth-to-mouth.

muti

noun

medicine, especially medicine made from plants

naturopath

noun

someone who treats people’s illnesses using naturopathy

naturopathy

noun

a system of medical treatment that treats illnesses by natural methods such as exercise and controlling the food you eat. Naturopathy is a form of complementary medicine.

occupational therapy

noun

a method of helping people who have been injured or very ill to become well again by giving them special activities to do or providing them with special equipment

osteopathy

noun

a treatment for medical conditions such as back pain or muscle injury that involves pressure and movement of your muscles and bones

OT

abbreviation

occupational therapy

pedicure

noun

a treatment for your feet and toenails that makes them look and feel good

physical therapy

noun

physiotherapy

physio

noun

physiotherapy

physiotherapy

noun

the treatment of injuries using special physical exercises

podiatry

noun

the care of feet and the treatment of foot diseases

precision medicine

noun

an approach to medical treatment that combines advanced research and techniques with detailed information about the individual patient’s condition, in order to improve outcomes

pressure point

noun

a place where someone presses your body to treat a particular medical problem using a treatment called acupressure

preventive medicine

noun

medical examinations, treatments, advice etc intended to prevent illness or discover it before it becomes serious

primary care

noun

medical treatment and advice that you get in your local community from a doctor or nurse, rather than treatment from a specialist

private medicine

noun

medical treatment that people pay for directly, not the treatment that is provided free by the government

prophylaxis

noun

the use of medical treatment for preventing disease or infection

quackery

noun

bad medical treatment from doctors who are not very good at their job, or from people who cheat other people by pretending to be doctors

quackery

noun

medical treatment

radiography

noun

the process of taking X-ray photographs of someone’s body as part of a medical treatment. Someone who does this as their job is called a radiographer.

radiology

noun

a medical treatment in which radiation is used for treating an illness, or the study of this type of treatment. Someone who is trained in radiology is a radiologist.

radiotherapy

noun

a medical treatment for cancer using radiation. Someone who is trained in radiotherapy is called a radiotherapist.

rebirthing

noun

a type of health treatment in which people control the way that they breathe in order to make themselves relax and feel better

reflexology

noun

a type of massage in which a person’s hands or feet are rubbed and pressed in order to make other parts of their body more healthy or to help them to relax

regenerative medicine

noun

treatment that involves repairing or replacing organs and other body parts by using advanced materials and methods such as cloning

regime

noun

a regimen

regimen

noun

a programme of medical treatment, exercise, or special food for improving your health or appearance

reiki

noun

a medical treatment from Japan in which someone puts their hands on you so that energy can pass through them to you and so make a part of your body healthy

relief

noun

the reduction of pain or the effects of an illness

respite care

noun

the temporary care of someone who is ill, old, or has a physical or mental problem, either at home or in a special hospital, in order to allow the person who usually looks after them to have a rest

rubdown

noun

a treatment in which you rub someone’s body to help them to relax

sedation

noun

the use of drugs to make someone calmer, or to make them sleep

shiatsu

noun

a type of medical treatment from Japan in which physical and emotional problems are treated by massage (=pressing and rubbing the body)

shock therapy

noun

a medical treatment for mental illness in which doctors put electricity into someone’s brain

shot

noun

an injection of a drug (=when it is put into your body using a needle) given as a medical treatment

speech therapy

noun

exercises in talking that are designed to help someone who cannot say words correctly

spinal tap

noun

a lumbar puncture

surgery

noun

medical treatment in which a doctor cuts open someone’s body

therapy

noun

a form of treatment for an illness or medical condition

therapy

noun

a form of treatment for someone with mental illness or emotional problems that involves talking to them or asking them to do things

traction

noun

the use of special equipment to hold someone’s body in a particular position

traditional medicine

noun

medical treatment using methods that are different from the usual Western scientific methods, for example Chinese medicine or herbal medicine

transfusion

noun

a medical treatment in which blood from one person is put into another person’s body

treatment

noun

a particular method or type of medical care

western medicine

noun

the type of medical treatment that is the most popular in North America and Western European countries, based on the use of drugs and surgery to treat symptoms (=signs of illness). In such countries, other types of medical treatment are called alternative medicine or complementary medicine.

immunization

noun

inoculation

noun

irrigation

noun

resuscitation

noun

stabilization

noun

sterilization

noun

vaccination

noun

pre-roll

a video advertisement that appears immediately before an online video

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

breakfast rave

a rave … that takes place early in the morning and where there is no alcohol or drugs …

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