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Lawyers and people who work in law courts

advocate

noun

a lawyer

attorney

noun

a lawyer

attorney general

noun

the most senior lawyer in some countries or US states

bailiff

noun

someone whose job is to guard prisoners in a court

the bar

noun

the profession of being a barrister (=a lawyer who has the right to speak in a higher court of law). If someone is called to the bar, they become a barrister.

barrister

noun

a lawyer in England or Wales who is allowed to speak in the higher law courts

beak

noun

a judge

the bench

noun

the position of being a judge in a court of law

brief

noun

a lawyer

chief justice

noun

the most senior judge in a court of law, especially the US Supreme Court

circuit judge

noun

a judge who visits a number of courts of law in an area regularly in order to deal with local cases

clerk

noun

someone whose job is to look after the documents in an office, court etc

counsel

noun

a lawyer who gives someone legal advice and represents them in a court of law

the court

noun

the people in a court, especially the judge and jury

DA

noun

district attorney: a lawyer in the US who represents a state against a person or organization accused of committing a crime

the defence

noun

the people in a court case who try to prove that someone is not guilty. The people who try to prove that someone is guilty are called the prosecution. The defence can be followed by a singular or plural verb

the Director of Public Prosecutions

a government official who decides whether someone accused of a crime by the police should be brought to trial in a court of law

district attorney

noun

a lawyer who works for a state or county government in the US and whose job is to bring people accused of crimes to trial

the DPP

the director of public prosecutions

fiscal

noun

in some countries, a public prosecutor (=lawyer for the government)

general practice

noun

the work of a lawyer who deals with a wide range of problems

JP

noun

Justice of the Peace: an official similar to a judge who works in the lower courts

judge

noun

someone whose job is to make decisions in a court of law

jurist

noun

a legal expert, usually a judge

justice

noun

a judge in a law court in the US

Justice of the Peace

noun

an official similar to a judge who works in the lower courts. Justices of the Peace are often simply called JPs.

law firm

noun

a company consisting of a group of lawyers who provide legal advice and services

the Law Lords

noun

until 2009, the members of the British House of Lords who were important lawyers and judges and formed the highest court of law in the UK

lawyer

noun

someone whose profession is to provide people with legal advice and services

the Lord Chancellor

a senior member of the British government, who belongs to the Cabinet and is head of the Ministry of Justice

magistrate

noun

a judge in a court for minor crimes

marshal

noun

a government officer whose job is to make certain that the laws of a place or orders of a court are obeyed

Master of the Rolls

the second most senior judge in England and Wales, after the Lord Chief Justice

M’Lud

noun

used for addressing a judge in a court in the UK

mouthpiece

noun

a lawyer, especially one who defends someone accused of a crime

notary

noun

someone who has the legal authority to make a document official

paralegal

noun

someone with legal training whose job is to help a lawyer

the people

noun

the lawyers representing the US government or a US state in a criminal case

procurator fiscal

noun

in Scotland, a lawyer who works for the government and whose job is to decide whether there is enough evidence to put someone on trial for a crime. In England and Wales this work is done by the Crown Prosecution Service.

the prosecution

noun

the lawyers who try to prove in court that someone accused of a crime is guilty

prosecutor

noun

a lawyer whose job is to prove in court that someone accused of a crime is guilty

public defender

noun

in the US, a lawyer who is paid by the government to defend people in court if they cannot pay for themselves

public prosecutor

noun

in the UK, a lawyer who works for the government and tries to prove that someone has done something illegal. The usual American word is district attorney.

QC

noun

Queen’s Counsel: in the UK, a lawyer of high status

Queen’s Counsel

noun

a qc

recorder

noun

in parts of the UK, a lawyer who sometimes works as a judge

recorder

noun

someone whose job is to make an official record of what is said in a court

sergeant at arms

another spelling of serjeant at arms

serjeant at arms

noun

an official in a court of law or in parliament in the UK whose job is to make certain that the people there do not behave badly

sheriff

noun

in the past, the most senior law officer in a US town

sheriff

noun

in Scotland, the judge in a sheriff court

sheriff

noun

in the past, the most senior law officer in an English county

silk

noun

a qc

solicitor

noun

in the UK, a lawyer who gives legal advice, writes legal contracts, and represents people in the lower courts of law

Solicitor General

noun

in the UK, the second most important legal officer, below the Attorney General in England and Wales and the Lord Advocate in Scotland

state attorney

noun

a state’s attorney

state’s attorney

noun

a lawyer who works for the state in US legal cases

usher

noun

someone whose job is to allow people to enter or leave a court of law

Your Honour

used when talking to a judge in a court of law

food rave

a very large party where people eat, sell or share many different types of food, usually held outside or in a large public building

BuzzWord Article

Word of the Day

bottom line

the amount of money that a business makes or loses

Open Dictionary

dead white (European) male

a man … whose achievements may have been overestimated because he belonged to the gender and ethnic group … that was dominant at the time

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