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Law courts

appellate court

noun

a court of law that can change the decision made in other courts

Chancery

noun

in the legal system in England and Wales, a division of the High Court of Justice

circuit court

noun

one of a number of courts of law in an area that a judge visits regularly in order to deal with local cases

county court

noun

a local court of law in the UK and in some US counties, that deals with minor legal issues but not serious crimes

court

noun

a place where trials take place and legal cases are decided, especially in front of a judge and a jury or a magistrate.

the courts

noun

the system of courts that decide legal cases

court-martial

noun

a military court for trials of members of the armed forces who have broken military laws

court of appeal

noun

a court of law that has the power to hold appeals (=cases that are judged again because someone was not satisfied with the original judgment) and to change a decision made made by another court

court of law

noun

a court where legal trials take place

the CPS

the Crown Prosecution Service

Crown Court

noun

a court of law in England and Wales that deals with criminal cases

the Crown Prosecution Service

noun

the official organization in England and Wales that decides whether the police have found enough evidence to have a court case against someone

district court

noun

a court in the US that deals with cases in a particular national or state district

high court

noun

a court of law in the UK that has more power than ordinary courts, and in which previous court decisions can be changed

high court

noun

a state supreme court in the US

industrial tribunal

noun

a court in the UK where workers can bring complaints against their employers

the Inns of Court

the four groups of buildings in London where barristers (=lawyers who represent people in court) have their offices

juvenile court

noun

a law court that deals with children and teenagers

kangaroo court

noun

a court that is not official and is organized to punish someone whether they have committed a crime or not

law court

noun

a place where legal cases are decided

Magistrates’ Court

noun

a court in England and Wales where minor crimes are judged

the Old Bailey

the building in London that contains the main courts where criminal trials take place. Its official name is the Central Criminal Court.

sheriff court

noun

a court of law in Scotland where most types of crime are judged

small claims court

noun

a law court in which people try to get back small amounts of money that they think other people or businesses owe them

superior court

noun

a court of law in some states of the US that has more authority than many other courts

the Supreme Court

the highest court in many countries, including the US and UK, which has authority over all the other courts in a country’s legal system

tribunal

noun

a special law court organized to judge a particular case

pre-cation

a paid holiday given to a new employee before they start their job

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