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Judgments, verdicts and official orders

acquit

verb

to state officially that someone is not guilty of the crime they were accused of

acquittal

noun

an official judgment in a court of law that someone is not guilty of the crime they were accused of

annul

verb

to state officially that something such as a marriage, an agreement, or an election has no legal authority

Asbo

noun

anti-social behaviour order: an official document issued by a British court that orders someone to stop behaving in a way that makes life unpleasant for people living near them

award

noun

an amount of money or a judgment given by a court of law

award

verb

to make a legal decision to give someone an amount of money, for example because they have been injured

award

verb

to make a legal decision to give someone the right to do something, for example to care for a child

bar

noun

an order stating that something is not allowed

bring in a verdict

to say officially whether someone is guilty or not

call for

to say publicly that something must happen

CCJ

noun

county court judgment: a court order against someone who owes money that shows in public records and can make it difficult for them to borrow money

citation

noun

an official statement ordering someone to appear in a court of law

cite

noun

a citation

command

noun

an official order

commutation

noun

the action of changing a punishment to one that is less severe

condemn

verb

to give a punishment to someone who has committed a crime

conditional discharge

noun

a judgment given by a court of law in which someone who has committed a crime will not be punished if they obey particular conditions and rules

convict

verb

to prove in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime

conviction

noun

a decision by a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime

countermand

verb

to tell someone to ignore a previous order, usually by giving them a different order

court order

noun

an order that someone must or must not do something, given by a court of law

criminalise

a British spelling of criminalize

criminalize

verb

to state that someone is guilty of a crime when they thought they were acting legally

death sentence

noun

a judge’s official statement ordering someone to be punished by death

death warrant

noun

an official document ordering someone to be punished by death

decree

noun

an official decision or order made by a leader or government

decree

noun

a judgment made by a court of law

decree absolute

noun

an order by a court of law that ends a marriage and makes two people officially divorced

decree nisi

noun

an order made by a court of law that says a marriage will end on a particular date unless someone can show that there is a good reason not to end it

directive

noun

an official order

dismissal

noun

a decision by a judge that a court case should not continue

dissent

verb

to officially disagree with the judgment made by the other judges working with you on a legal case

dissolution

noun

the process of officially ending a marriage or other legal agreement

dissolve

verb

to officially end a marriage or other legal agreement

edict

noun

an official order given by a government or person in authority

extradite

verb

to send someone accused of a crime back to the country where the crime was committed for a trial

fiat

noun

an official order from a person or group in authority

free pardon

noun

an official statement that someone who has previously been found guilty of a crime is now known not to have committed it

go against

if something such as a decision or judgment goes against you, you do not get the decision or judgment that you wanted

go through

if something such as a request, proposal, or contract goes through, it is officially accepted or approved

guilt

noun

the fact that someone has committed a crime

hanging

adjective

likely to give severe punishments to people who commit crimes

injunction

noun

an order from a court that prevents someone from doing something

instruct

verb

if a judge instructs a jury, he or she gives them advice about making their decision

interdict

noun

an order from a court of law that officially tells someone not to do something

invalidate

verb

to make something such as a document, contract, or process no longer legally effective

judgment

noun

a decision that is made by a judge in a court of law

justice

noun

a fair result or punishment from a law court

mandate

noun

an official order to do something

miscarriage of justice

noun

a situation in which a court of law punishes someone for a crime that they did not commit

nail

verb

to prove that someone has done something wrong or illegal

open verdict

noun

a court’s decision stating that the cause of someone’s death is officially not known

ordain

verb

to officially order that something should be done

order

noun

an instruction given by someone in a position of authority

ordinance

noun

an official order by a government, king, queen etc

override

verb

to use official authority to ignore or change a decision that someone else made

overrule

verb

to officially change a decision that someone else has made

pardon

noun

an official decision to forgive someone for committing a crime and to free them from prison

pardon

noun

a document showing that this decision has been made

precedent

noun

a decision by a court on which future decisions are based

prescribe

verb

to state officially what should be done in a particular situation

quash

verb

to say officially that a decision taken by another court was wrong and no longer has legal force

reverse

verb

to change a court decision to be the opposite of what it was

rule

verb

to make and announce a decision, usually about a legal matter

ruling

noun

an official decision made by a court or by someone in a position of authority

serve

verb

to officially give someone a legal document that orders them to do something

service

noun

the action of officially giving someone a legal document that orders them to do something

set aside

to officially state that a particular legal decision will no longer be followed

settle

verb

to end a legal disagreement by the decision of a court or by making an agreement

settlement

noun

an agreement that both sides involved in a legal disagreement accept or are forced to accept by a court

superinjunction

noun

a kind of injunction that stops journalists from writing about a particular topic, and which also stops them from saying who or what the injunction refers to

return a verdict (of something)

to say whether someone is guilty or not guilty of a crime in a court of law

the guilty/innocent party

the person who is responsible or not responsible for something wrong or illegal that has been done

pre-cation

a paid holiday given to a new employee before they start their job

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