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Judaism

the Ark of the Covenant

a chest in the ancient Jewish Temple in Jerusalem containing the stones on which the Ten Commandments were written. The Temple and the Ark of the Covenant were destroyed in the 6th century bc.

bar mitzvah

noun

a Jewish religious ceremony held on a boy’s thirteenth birthday, after which he is considered to be an adult in his religious life

bar mitzvah

noun

a Jewish boy who is taking part in a bar mitzvah

bat mitzvah

noun

a Jewish religious ceremony held when a girl is between the ages of 12 and 14, after which she is considered to be an adult in her religious life

bat mitzvah

noun

a Jewish girl who is taking part in a bat mitzvah

the Bible

noun

the book that is considered holy by Jews, that is also the Old Testament of the Christian Bible

Chanukah

another spelling of Hanukkah

chief rabbi

noun

the leader of the Jewish community in a particular country

the Fall

noun

in the Jewish and Christian religions, the story of how evil came into the world because Adam and Eve did not obey God

gentile

noun

someone who is not Jewish

gentile

adjective

concerning religions and cultures that are not Jewish

ghetto

noun

a part of a European town or city where Jewish people were forced to live in the past

Hanukkah

noun

a period in November or December when Jewish people light candles in their home and remember a time when an important ancient religious building was given back to their people

Hebraic

adjective

Hebrew

Hebrew

noun

a Jewish person in ancient times

Hebrew

adjective

relating to the Jewish people or their culture, especially in ancient times

the Holocaust

noun

the organized killing of millions of Jews and other people by the German Nazi government during the Second World War

holy of holies

noun

the central and most holy part of a Jewish temple (=building where God is worshipped)

Jew

noun

a member of the group of people who lived in Israel and believed in Judaism in ancient times, and who now live in many places all over the world, including Israel

Jew

noun

someone who believes in Judaism

Jewess

noun

an old-fashioned word for a Jewish woman. This word is now considered offensive.

Jewish

adjective

someone who is Jewish was born in the Jewish culture and may practise Judaism

Jewish

adjective

relating to Jews, their culture, or their religion

Jewry

noun

all the Jewish people in the world, or in a particular city or country

Judaism

noun

the religion of Jewish people, based on the writings of the Torah and the Talmud. Its followers are called Jews and they worship in a synagogue.

kosher

adjective

approved or allowed by Jewish laws concerning food

latke

noun

a traditional Jewish pancake made with potatoes

matzo

noun

a type of flat bread traditionally eaten by Jewish people during the Passover holiday

menorah

noun

an object that holds seven or more candles, used in the Jewish religion

Mosaic

adjective

relating to Moses, a leader of the Jewish people in ancient times

Passover

noun

a religious festival lasting seven or eight days in March or April during which Jews remember the time when the ancient Hebrews escaped from Egypt. Passover begins with a special meal.

Pentecost

noun

Shavuot

Pharisee

noun

a member of an ancient Jewish religious group who believed that people should obey religious laws in a strict way

prophet

noun

the Jewish holy men who wrote about these events

prophetess

noun

a woman who is a prophet

rabbi

noun

a Jewish religious leader

rabbi

noun

someone who is an expert on Jewish law

rabbinical

adjective

relating to the work of a rabbi

the Sabbath

noun

a day for people of some religions to rest and pray. The Jewish Sabbath is Saturday and the Christian Sabbath is Sunday.

Shavuot

noun

a festival in May or June held 50 days after Passover, that Jews celebrate as the day when God gave the Ten Commandments to Moses

the Shoah

a word that Jewish people often use for the Holocaust

shofar

noun

a horn that is blown during some Jewish religious festivals

shtetl

noun

in the past, a small Jewish town or village in eastern Europe

skullcap

noun

a small hat sometimes worn by Jewish men and Roman Catholic priests

Star of David

noun

a star with six points formed by putting a triangle upside down on top of another triangle. It is used to represent Judaism and the state of Israel.

synagogue

noun

a building used by Jewish people for worship and religious study

the Tabernacle

noun

in the past, a type of tent in which Jews kept holy objects

the Talmud

a collection of Jewish religious writings

temple

noun

a synagogue where Jewish people worship

the Torah

the first five books of the Jewish Bible

the Torah

the principles and laws of the Jewish religion

Yahweh

noun

the Hebrew name for God

yarmulke

noun

a small round hat worn by Jewish men

yeshiva

noun

a school for Orthodox Jewish students where they can train to become rabbis (=Jewish religious leaders)

yeshiva

noun

a school for Jewish boys that teaches both religious and other subjects

Yiddish

noun

a language spoken mainly by Jewish people who come from Central and Eastern Europe. Yiddish is a mixture of Hebrew and an old form of German.

Yom Kippur

noun

a day each year in September or October when Jewish people do not eat or drink but pray to God to forgive them for things that they have done wrong. This holiday is also called the Day of Atonement.

Jewishness

noun

Judaic

adjective

mom jeans

a style of loose-fitting jeans with a high waist, often considered unfashionable

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

endies

Employed but with No Disposable Income or Savings: people who are in work but only earn just enough to live on

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