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Islam

Allah

the name of God in Islam

ayatollah

noun

an important religious leader in Iran who often has political as well as religious influence

begum

noun

a married Muslim woman of a high social rank, or the title she uses

Black Muslim

noun

a member of a religious group of black people called the Nation of Islam, whose aim is to create a separate society for black people

burka

noun

a loose piece of clothing that covers the head and body completely except for a space for the eyes. A burka is worn in public by Muslim women in some countries.

burqa

noun

another spelling of burka

caliph

noun

a Muslim man who was a religious and political leader in the past

caliphate

noun

the position of a caliph

caliphate

noun

the period of time when someone is a caliph

caliphate

noun

an area ruled by a caliph

chador

noun

a loose piece of usually black clothing that covers a woman’s whole body including her head, worn by some Muslim women

crescent

noun

the shape of a crescent used as the symbol of Islam

dervish

noun

a member of a Muslim religious group whose members dance very fast during their religious ceremonies

Eid

noun

the name of two festivals in the Muslim religion. The more important one, Eid ul-Fitr, is celebrated at the end of Ramadan.

emir

noun

a male leader in a Muslim country

fakir

noun

a Hindu or Muslim holy man who lives by begging (=asking people for money and food)

fatwa

noun

an official order by a Muslim religious leader

fiqh

noun

the study of the theory and practice of Islamic law

hajj

noun

a journey to the holy city of Mecca that Muslims make as a religious duty

hajji

noun

a Muslim who has made a hajj

hakim

noun

a Muslim doctor who uses traditional methods of treating people

halal

adjective

halal meat can be eaten by Muslims because it is from an animal that has been killed according to the religious laws of Islam

haram

adjective

haram food cannot be eaten according to Islamic law

harem

noun

a group of women living together as the wives of a rich man in some Muslim societies, especially in the past

harem

noun

a separate part of a Muslim home in which only women live

the Hegira

noun

Muhammad’s escape from Mecca to Medina in ad 622. The Muslim system of counting years is calculated from this time.

the Hejira

another spelling of the Hegira

hijab

noun

a square of cloth that some Muslim women wear on their heads to hide their hair and neck

iftar

noun

a meal that is eaten by Muslims after sunset to break their fast during the month of Ramadan

imam

noun

a Muslim priest or leader

Islam

noun

the religion based on the ideas of Muhammad. Its followers are called Muslims and they worship in a mosque. The holy book of Islam is the Qu’ran.

Islam

noun

the people and countries who follow Islam

Islamist

noun

someone who follows Islam very strictly

jihad

noun

a holy war or fight that Muslims take part in to defend Islam

jilbab

noun

a piece of clothing worn by Muslim women that covers their whole body but not their hands, feet, or head

the Koran

noun

the Qur’an

madrasa

noun

a college where students are taught about Islam

masjid

noun

a Muslim name for a mosque

Mecca

a holy city in Saudi Arabia where the prophet Mohammed was born. Muslims face Mecca when they pray and try to visit there once in their lives.

minaret

noun

a tall tower that is traditionally part of a mosque (=a Muslim religious building) where someone stands to call people to prayer

Mogul

noun

a Muslim ruler in India in the 16th to 19th centuries

Moor

noun

a member of a group of Muslim people who lived in North Africa and who controlled southern Spain between the 8th and 15th centuries

Moslem

another spelling of Muslim

mosque

noun

a building in which Muslims worship

muezzin

noun

the official of a mosque who calls from a tower to let Muslims know it is time to pray

mufti

noun

an expert on Islamic religious law

Muhammad

the man on whose ideas Islam is based

mujahedin

noun

soldiers belonging to an Islamic armed group

mullah

noun

a Muslim man who has studied Islamic religious law

Muslim

noun

someone whose religion is Islam

prayer mat

noun

a small carpet that Muslims put on the floor under their knees when they pray

prayer rug

noun

a prayer mat

the Prophet

noun

Muhammad, the founder of Islam

purdah

noun

the practice among some Muslims and Hindus of keeping women apart, and having them wear clothing that covers their bodies completely when they go out

the Qur’an

noun

the holy book of Islam

Ramadan

noun

the ninth month of the Muslim year, when Muslims do not eat or drink anything between sunrise and sunset

salaam

noun

a greeting used by Muslim people for showing respect

salaam

verb

to show respect for someone by greeting them with the Muslim custom of bending forward at the waist and putting your hand on your forehead

Saracen

noun

a name given to Arabs and other Muslims by the Christians who fought against them in religious wars in the Middle Ages

sharia

noun

the traditional system of Islamic law

sheik

noun

a Muslim religious leader

Shia

noun

one of the main groups in the religion of Islam. A Muslim who belongs to this group is called a Shia or a Shiite.

Shiite

noun

a Muslim who belongs to the Shia group within the religion of Islam

tajweed

noun

the rules for pronouncing the Arabic language when reciting the Qu’ran

Sufi

noun

a member of an Islamic religious group whose aim is to communicate directly with God and to understand spiritual mysteries

sultan

noun

the leader in some Muslim countries

Sunni

noun

one of the two groups within the religion of Islam, or a Muslim who belongs to this group

turban

noun

a long piece of cloth wrapped around the head, worn especially by Sikh, Hindu, and Muslim men

umma

noun

all Muslims in the world, considered as a group

the veil

noun

the practice of wearing a veil for covering the face, followed by women in Islamic countries

vizier

noun

an important government official in some Muslim countries in the past

yashmak

noun

a piece of cloth that some Muslim women use for covering their faces in public

Islamic

adjective

Islamism

noun

Muslim

adjective

Sufism

noun

Open Dictionary

chicken raffle

any random process, such as a competition in which a name is drawn from a hat

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