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Infection and fighting infection

antibody

noun

a substance that your body produces in your blood to fight illnesses and infections. Antibodies are an important part of the immune system that protects your body against disease.

biosecurity

noun

the methods used to prevent an infection from spreading outside an area, used, for example, in cases of foot-and-mouth disease and avian flu

candida

noun

a fungus in the body that can cause an infection called thrush

carrier

noun

a person or animal that can infect another person or animal with a disease without getting it themselves

contagion

noun

a situation in which a disease can be spread from one person or animal to another through touch or through the air

cross-contamination

noun

the process by which bacteria from one substance infect another

cross-infection

noun

the process by which someone infects a person who has a different infection

defence

noun

something that happens in your body to prevent you from becoming ill

defence mechanism

noun

a reaction in your body that protects you from illness or danger

fester

verb

if an injury or sore place on your body festers, it becomes infected

foreign

adjective

not forming a normal part of the body’s immune system

foreign body

noun

something that has entered a place where it should not be, especially someone’s body

histamine

noun

a natural substance produced by the body when it is fighting an infection or a poison

immune

adjective

relating to the body’s immune system

immune system

noun

the system in your body that protects you against diseases

immunity

noun

the protection that someone’s body gives them against a particular disease

immunosuppression

noun

the process of preventing the body’s immune system from working, for example so that it does not refuse to accept a new organ after a transplant operation

incubation period

noun

the amount of time that it takes for the signs of an infection to become noticeable

infected

adjective

someone who is infected has a disease that can be spread from one person to another

infected

adjective

containing bacteria or other substances that cause disease

infected

adjective

used about a cut or other injury containing bacteria that prevent it from getting better

infection

noun

the process of becoming infected with a disease

infectious

adjective

used about a person or animal that has an infectious disease

inflammation

noun

an area on your body that is swollen, red, and painful because of an infection or injury

interferon

noun

a substance that your body produces to protect itself from viruses

invasion

noun

the movement of a disease or of the cells that cause it from one area to another

isolation period

noun

a period of time during which someone with an infectious disease is kept away from other people

lymph

noun

a clear liquid in your body that cleans your tissues and helps to remove harmful bacteria from your blood

lymphatic

adjective

relating to lymph, or involved in moving lymph around your body

matter

noun

the yellow substance that a part of your body produces when it is infected

pestilential

adjective

relating to or causing a pestilence

pus

noun

a thick yellow liquid that forms in flesh that has an infection

quarantine

noun

a situation in which a person or animal that might have a disease is kept separate from other people or animals so that they do not catch the disease

rubbing alcohol

noun

surgical spirit

septic

adjective

infected with bacteria

sinusitis

noun

an infection in which the inside of your sinuses becomes swollen

species barrier

noun

the natural system that prevents diseases spreading from one type of animal or plant to another. This is often referred to in relation to BSE (=a disease of cows) spreading to humans in the form of CJD (=a brain disease in humans).

spread

noun

a situation in which disease begins to infect more and more people

sty

noun

an infection of the eyelid that makes it red and painful

transmission

noun

a process by which a disease spreads from one person to another

infectiously

adverb

infectiousness

noun

pre-roll

a video advertisement that appears immediately before an online video

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

breakfast rave

a rave … that takes place early in the morning and where there is no alcohol or drugs …

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