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Hinduism and the sikh religion

acharya

noun

a wise religious teacher

ashram

noun

the home of a small religious community of Hindus

Baba

used for talking to a man who is respected as a holy man

Baba

used after the name of a man who is respected as a holy man

Brahman

noun

a Hindu who belongs to the highest caste (=social class), in which men were traditionally priests

caste

noun

one of the traditional social classes that people were born into in Hindu society, or the system of having these classes

Dalit

noun

someone who belongs to the lowest caste (=social class) in the traditional Hindu social system

devi

noun

a goddess in the Hindu religion

dharma

noun

in Indian religions, the basic natural law of the universe

dhoti

noun

a long piece of cloth that Hindu men sometimes wear, wrapping it around their waist and between their legs

Divali

another spelling of Diwali

Diwali

noun

an important festival in the Hindu religion that takes place in October or November

fakir

noun

a Hindu or Muslim holy man who lives by begging (=asking people for money and food)

gurdwara

noun

a building in which Sikhs worship

guru

noun

a religious or spiritual leader, especially in Hinduism

Hare Krishna

an international religious organization based on belief in the Hindu god Krishna. Its members wear orange clothes.

Hindu

noun

someone whose religion is Hinduism

Hinduism

noun

the main religion of India and Nepal, which includes a belief in reincarnation and the worship of God in different forms

Jain

noun

a member of a religious group in India that believes people should not be violent towards any living creature

the Kama Sutra

a Hindu book that gives information about different ways to have sex

karma

noun

a belief in Hinduism and Buddhism that the way in which you behaved in past lives affects your present life, and the way in which you behave in this life will affect your future lives

mandir

noun

a Hindu temple

mantra

noun

a sound, word, or phrase that is continuously repeated as a prayer, used in Hindu and Buddhist religious practices to help someone meditate

muni

noun

a Hindu or Jain holy person who leads an extremely pure and simple life and is known for great religious belief and knowledge

naga

noun

a Hindu who travels from place to place living a very simple life without any possessions

Navaratri

noun

an important Hindu festival that lasts for nine days at the beginning of October, during which people worship female gods such as Durga the mother god

nirvana

noun

a state of complete spiritual happiness that Buddhists and Hindus try to achieve in which human existence no longer seems important

outcaste

noun

in India, a person who does not belong to a Hindu caste (=a particular social class), or who has been forced to leave one

pandit

noun

a Hindu priest

prasad

noun

food or other things that are offered to a Hindu god

puja

noun

a Hindu act of worship

purdah

noun

the practice among some Muslims and Hindus of keeping women apart, and having them wear clothing that covers their bodies completely when they go out

saddhu

another spelling of sadhu

sadhu

noun

a Hindu holy man

Sanskrit

noun

an ancient language of India that is used mainly in literature and Hindu religious writings

Sardar

noun

used for talking to or about a man who is a Sikh

scheduled castes

noun

the lowest castes (=social classes) in the traditional Hindu social system, who are given special help by the Indian government

Shri

another spelling of Sri

Sikh

noun

a member of an Indian religious group that separated from Hinduism in the 16th century

Sikhism

noun

the religion of the Sikhs

Sri

used in front of the name of a god

suttee

noun

the Hindu custom of burning a wife with the dead body of her husband

swami

noun

a Hindu religious teacher

turban

noun

a long piece of cloth wrapped around the head, worn especially by Sikh, Hindu, and Muslim men

Veda

noun

one of the ancient pieces of writing that are an important part of the Hindu religion

Vedic

adjective

relating to the Vedas

Hindu

adjective

Jain

adjective

Jainism

noun

Sikh

adjective

Open Dictionary

chicken raffle

any random process, such as a competition in which a name is drawn from a hat

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