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Government programmes and policies

amnesty

noun

a situation in which a government agrees not to punish, or to no longer punish, people who have committed a particular crime

Balkanisation

noun

a British spelling of Balkanization

Balkanization

noun

the process of dividing a country, region etc into smaller areas where the different groups of people all dislike or fight each other

census

noun

an occasion on which government officials count the people who live in a country and record other information about them

checks and balances

noun

a system that limits power within a political system, group, or organization in which no single part of it can become too powerful, because it needs the agreement of the other parts for its actions to be legal

constitution

noun

a set of basic laws or principles for a country that describe the rights and duties of its citizens and the way in which it is governed

constitutionality

noun

the quality of being allowed by the constitution of a particular country or organization

constructive engagement

noun

a policy of having political and business relationships with a country, while at the same time supporting political and social change within that country

containment

noun

a policy of controlling an unfriendly country’s power or influence

debt relief

noun

the practice of letting poor countries not pay back what they owe to rich countries

decolonization

noun

the process by which a colony becomes independent from the country that used to control it

development

noun

the process of improving the economy of a country or region by increasing the amount of business activity

devolution

noun

the process of taking power from a central authority or government and giving it to smaller and more local regions

earmark

noun

a rule that makes sure that the United States Congress uses an amount of money only for a particular purpose

embargo

noun

a government order preventing a piece of information from being published until a particular time

executive privilege

noun

the right of the president and other senior officials of the US government to keep documents secret if making them public would cause problems for the government

Federation

noun

the process by which the six Australian colonies joined together on 1 January 1901 to create the Commonwealth of Australia

the Fifth

the Fifth Amendment

the Fifth Amendment

the part of the US Constitution that says that anyone accused of a crime does not have to give information in court if it proves that they are guilty

gunboat diplomacy

noun

the threat by one country to use military power against another in order to make it agree to something

health and safety

noun

the part of the government and legal system that deals with people’s health and safety at work

imperialism

noun

the actions of a powerful country that tries to take control of other countries, often using military force

interventionism

noun

a government policy of becoming involved in the economy, or of trying to influence economic and other social issues in another country

isolationism

noun

a country’s policy of not having political or economic relationships with other countries

laissez-faire

noun

the policy of allowing companies and the economy to operate without government control

multiculturalism

noun

the belief and practice of giving equal importance to each of the different cultures in a society

neocolonialism

noun

a policy in which a powerful country uses political and economic power over a poorer country for its own benefit

non-intervention

noun

a policy of not getting involved in a disagreement between other people or countries

open door policy

noun

a decision by someone in authority to make themselves available at all times for anyone who wants to talk to them

opt-out

noun

a decision by a school or hospital to manage its financial matters and stop being controlled by its local authority

the party line

noun

the official policy or opinion of a political party that all its members are expected to support, especially in public

PFI

noun

Private Finance Initiative: a system in which private companies work with the government to provide public services such as health services

policy

noun

a set of plans or actions agreed on by a government, political party, business, or other group

policy

noun

relating to policies

portfolio

noun

all the responsibilities of a government minister

PPP

abbreviation

public private partnership

privatisation

a British spelling of privatization

privatization

noun

the sale of a business or industry that was owned and managed by the government

protectionism

noun

a system in which a country helps its own industries by putting taxes on foreign goods

public expenditure

noun

money that the government spends on public services

public ownership

noun

legal possession of businesses and industries by the government of a country

public private partnership

noun

a system in which private companies work with the government to provide public services such as health services

reconstruction

noun

the process of putting a country back into a good condition after a war

reflation

noun

the process of improving the economy of a country by increasing the amount of money that people are earning and spending in the country

regionalism

noun

a political policy that supports the division of a country into smaller areas that govern themselves

reunification

noun

the process of joining together parts of a country that were divided so that they form one country again

scheme

noun

a plan that is developed by a government or large organization in order to provide a particular service for people

secession

noun

the act of seceding, especially from a country

social engineering

noun

the use of theories from social sciences to develop policies to improve society

white paper

noun

an official report by a government in some countries that gives details of its policy on a particular issue

workfare

noun

a government programme in which unemployed people have to agree to start working or get training in order to receive money from the government

zero tolerance

noun

a policy of punishing people for even very minor offences by using the law in a very strict way

deindustrialization

noun

denationalization

noun

expansionism

noun

internationalization

noun

multiculturalist

noun

nationalization

noun

warmongering

noun

Open Dictionary

chicken raffle

any random process, such as a competition in which a name is drawn from a hat

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