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Geology and geological processes

carve

verb

if wind, a river etc carves something in the land, its action forms it over a period of many years

deposit

verb

if a substance is deposited in the soil or in rock, it gradually gathers there and forms a layer

deposition

noun

a process in which layers of a substance form gradually over a period of time

epoch

noun

a particular period of past time in geology

erode

verb

to gradually damage the surface of rock or land so that it begins to disappear, or to be gradually damaged in this way

erosion

noun

the process by which the surface of land or rock is gradually damaged by water, wind etc and begins to disappear

geological

adjective

relating to geology, or to the features of the Earth’s surface

geologist

noun

a scientist who studies geology

geology

noun

the scientific study of the structure of the Earth, the way in which it was formed, and how it has changed over time

geology

noun

the way that particular rocks or areas of the Earth’s surface are formed

geophysicist

noun

a scientist who studies geophysics

geophysics

noun

the scientific study of the physical processes and forces that affect the Earth

geothermal

adjective

relating to the heat at the centre of the Earth

glaciation

noun

the process in which land becomes covered by glaciers

lay down

to form a layer of something such as soil or mud that gradually becomes hard and develops into rock

oil-bearing

adjective

oil-bearing rocks or plants contain oil of some kind

settlement

noun

the process by which the ground or a building gradually sinks down

soil erosion

noun

the process by which soil is gradually removed by the rain, wind, or sea

stratification

noun

the way in which rock forms different layers

subsidence

noun

the process by which a building becomes damaged because the land it is on has sunk

subsidence

noun

the process by which land sinks to a lower level

thermal

adjective

thermal water is heated by natural processes in the Earth

geologically

adverb

geophysical

adjective

kabaddi

a game in which two teams of seven players take turns to chase and try to touch players on the opposing team

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Ouch!

a response to a scathing comment or unpleasant situation

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