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General words for countries

autarky

noun

a country that has autarchy

country

noun

an area of land that has its own government and official borders

nation

noun

a country that has its own land and government

republic

noun

a country that is ruled by a president or other leader that people vote for, rather than by a king or queen

democracy

noun

a country that has democracy

monarchy

noun

a country that is ruled by a king or queen

federation

noun

a country made up of individual states with the power to make their own decisions, but with a national government responsible for areas such as foreign policy and defence

oligarchy

noun

a country governed by a small group of people. Someone in this group is called an oligarch.

protectorate

noun

a country that is defended and controlled by a more powerful country

dictatorship

noun

a country controlled by someone who takes power by force and does not allow fair elections

hostile architecture

the design of buildings or public spaces in a way which discourages people from touching, climbing or sitting on them …

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boots on the ground

a situation in which a country's armed forces are physically present in an area of conflict …

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