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General animal types

adult

noun

a completely grown animal

amphibian

noun

an animal such as a frog or toad that lives mainly on land, but produces its eggs and develops into its adult form in water

animal

noun

any living thing that can move independently and that has senses for recognizing and reacting to the environment around it. Animals are divided into two groups, vertebrates and invertebrates

arachnid

noun

a member of a type of animal called arthropods that have four pairs of legs. Spiders and scorpions are arachnids.

arthropod

noun

a type of animal that has jointed legs, a body divided into several parts, and a skeleton on the outside. Insects are arthropods.

bear

noun

used in the name of some animals that are similar to bears

beast

noun

an animal, especially a dangerous or strange one

beast of burden

noun

an animal that is used for carrying heavy things, for example a donkey or a camel

big game

noun

large wild animals such as lions that people hunt as a sport

biped

noun

an animal that walks on two legs

bird

noun

an animal covered in feathers, with two wings for flying and a hard pointed mouth called a beak or a bill. Birds build nests, in which female birds lay eggs.

breed

noun

a group of animals that have particular characteristics that make them different from others of the same species. The characteristics have often been produced in a controlled way by mating particular animals.

brute

noun

a big strong animal

brute

noun

an animal that you do not like or that frightens you

clone

noun

an exact copy of an animal or plant created in a laboratory from the animal’s or plant’s DNA

companion animal

noun

an animal that someone keeps for company and enjoyment. The more usual word is ‘pet’.

cross

noun

an animal that is a mixture of two different breeds

crossbreed

noun

an animal that is a mixture of two different breeds

crustacean

noun

a sea animal such as a crab or a lobster with a hard shell and several pairs of legs

endangered species

noun

a type of animal or plant that may soon become extinct (=disappear from the world)

flyer

noun

a bird, insect, or animal that flies in a particular way

fowl

noun

an old word for ‘bird’

game

noun

wild animals, birds, and fish that people hunt, usually for food

gastropod

noun

a mollusc such as a snail that moves by using one large flat foot

grey

noun

an animal that is grey in colour, especially a horse or a cat

hermaphrodite

noun

a person, animal, or plant that has both male and female sex organs

hominid

noun

a human, or an ancient creature from which humans developed

insect

noun

a small animal that has six legs and often has wings. There are many different types of insects, such as bees, flies, and beetles.

invertebrate

noun

a small animal without a backbone, for example an insect or a worm

jumper

noun

a person or animal that jumps

mammal

noun

an animal that is born from its mother’s body, not from an egg, and drinks its mother’s milk as a baby. Humans, dogs, and cows are all mammals.

marsupial

noun

an animal whose babies live in a pocket in the mother’s skin on the outside of her stomach until they are completely developed

migrant

noun

a bird or animal that travels to a different part of the world for warmer weather at a particular time of the year

mollusc

noun

an animal that has a soft body with no bones and is usually covered by a hard shell, for example a snail or an octopus

mollusk

the American spelling of mollusc

mutant

noun

a plant or animal that is different from others of its type as a result of a change in its genes

pachyderm

noun

a large animal with thick skin, for example an elephant or a rhinoceros

pack animal

noun

an animal such as a horse or donkey that is used for carrying heavy loads

parasite

noun

a plant or animal that lives in or on another type of animal and feeds on it

parent

noun

an animal or plant that produces a new animal or plant

pedigree

noun

an animal whose parents, grandparents etc were all of the same breed (=type)

pest

noun

an insect or small animal that damages plants or supplies of food

pet

noun

an animal or bird that you keep in your home and look after

pet

noun

kept as a pet or relating to pets

polymorph

noun

an animal or plant that has different forms at different stages of its development

prey

noun

an animal that is caught by another animal and eaten

primate

noun

an animal belonging to the same group as humans, which includes monkeys and apes

quadruped

noun

an animal that walks on four legs

reptile

noun

a type of cold-blooded animal that gives birth to young animals as eggs and whose body is covered in scales (=flat hard pieces of skin). Snakes and crocodiles are reptiles.

rodent

noun

a type of small animal that has long sharp front teeth, for example a mouse

runt

noun

the smallest and weakest animal of a litter (=a group born at the same time)

serpent

noun

a snake, especially a large one

snake

noun

a long thin animal with no legs and a smooth skin. Some snakes have a poisonous bite that can kill.

sport

noun

a plant or animal that is different in a noticeable way from other plants or animals of the same type

strain

noun

a particular type of animal, insect, or plant

stray

noun

a pet that is lost or has left its home

stuffed animal

noun

a dead animal that has been stuffed

vector

noun

an insect or other small animal that carries diseases between larger animals and humans, but is not itself harmed by the disease

vermin

noun

small animals or insects that cause damage or disease

vertebrate

noun

an animal with a backbone, for example a mammal, a bird, or a fish

anthropoid

noun

purebred

noun

freak of nature

an animal or plant that develops physical features that are not normal for its type

our feathered friends

birds

kabaddi

a game in which two teams of seven players take turns to chase and try to touch players on the opposing team

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Ouch!

a response to a scathing comment or unpleasant situation

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