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External parts of cars and other road vehicles

armor

the American spelling of armour

armour

noun

layers of hard metal that cover a military vehicle to protect it from attack

axle

noun

a metal bar that connects a pair of wheels on a car or other vehicle

body

noun

the main outer part of a car, not including the engine or wheels, or the main outer part of a plane, not including the engine, wheels, or wings

bodywork

noun

the painted metal outer part of a car or other vehicle that gives it its shape

bonnet

noun

the front part of a car that covers the engine. The American word is hood.

boot

noun

the covered space at the back of a car, used for carrying things in. The American word is trunk.

bull bar

noun

a frame of strong metal bars around the front of a car or truck, used for protecting it if there is an accident

bumper

noun

a long thin bar of metal or plastic fixed to the front or back of a vehicle, designed to protect it if it hits anything

chassis

noun

the frame and wheels of a vehicle

crumple zone

noun

the part of a car that is designed to crumple in a crash so that the passengers are protected from the force of the crash

exhaust

noun

an exhaust pipe

exhaust pipe

noun

a pipe that carries the gases or steam out of an engine

fender

noun

a part of a vehicle that covers or protects the area round a wheel

filler cap

noun

the small round lid that covers the hole where you put the petrol in a car or other vehicle

fin

noun

a thin flat part on the back of a vehicle that is used for decoration

grille

noun

the radiator of a motor vehicle

hood

noun

a cover on a car or pram that can be pulled up to give protection from the rain or sun

hood

noun

a car bonnet

hubcap

noun

a metal cover for the central part of a wheel on a car

license plate

noun

a number plate

luggage rack

noun

a roof rack on a car

mudflap

noun

a piece of rubber that hangs behind a wheel of a vehicle and stops dirt from the road from hitting the vehicle

mudguard

noun

a mudflap

muffler

noun

a silencer on a vehicle

nearside

noun

the side of a car or other vehicle that is closest to the edge of a road on which you are driving

number plate

noun

an official sign on the front and back of a motor vehicle, with numbers and letters on it that show who it belongs to. The American word is license plate.

the offside

noun

the side of a vehicle that is nearer to the middle of the road. The side that is nearer the edge of the road is the nearside

offside

noun

used about parts of a vehicle that are nearest the middle of the road

panel

noun

a piece of shaped metal that forms part of the body of a vehicle

petrol tank

noun

the part of a car or other vehicle that you fill with petrol. The American word is gas tank.

P-plates

noun

in Australia, signs that a driver must fasten onto their car for one year after passing their driving test

rear end

noun

the back part of something, especially a vehicle

reg

noun

an abbreviation for a vehicle’s registration number, especially the first or last letter, that shows how old it is

registration number

noun

the official set of numbers and letters on a car’s number plate

registration plate

noun

a number plate

roll bar

noun

a strong metal bar that goes over the top of a vehicle without a roof and protects the people inside if the vehicle turns over

roof

noun

the top outer part of a vehicle

roof box

noun

a large hard container that fits on the roof of a car

roof rack

noun

a metal frame fixed on the roof of a car, used for carrying large objects, bicycles etc. The American word is luggage rack.

running board

noun

a step outside the door of a vehicle, especially on an old car

shaft

noun

one of two long bars used for fastening a vehicle to a horse or other animal

shell

noun

the outer parts of something such as a car or plane

silencer

noun

an object that reduces the noise from a vehicle’s engine. The American word is muffler.

sill

noun

the area on the outside of a car that is directly below the door

skirt

noun

something that covers the lower part of a machine or a vehicle

spoiler

noun

a part on the back of a racing car that keeps it on the ground at high speeds

spoiler

noun

a similar part fitted on an ordinary car designed to make it look exciting

stabilizer

noun

a part on a vehicle or machine that keeps it steady or in the correct position

sunroof

noun

a part of a roof of a car that can be opened

tailboard

noun

a vehicle’s tailgate

tailgate

noun

a door at the back of a car, van, or truck

tailpipe

noun

the pipe at the back of a motor vehicle that takes waste gases out of the engine

towbar

noun

a metal bar on the back of a vehicle used for towing another vehicle

track

noun

a moving part of a large vehicle such as a tank on which it moves along the ground

trunk

noun

the boot of a car

wheel

noun

a round object that turns round and round to make a car, bicycle, or other vehicle move

wheelbase

noun

the distance between the front and back wheels of a vehicle

window

noun

a similar frame in a vehicle

windscreen

noun

the large glass window at the front of a vehicle. The American word is windshield.

windscreen wiper

noun

a long thin tool that moves across a vehicle’s windscreen to wipe the rain off it

windshield

noun

a windscreen

wing

noun

the part of a car that covers the wheel. The usual American word is fender.

wing mirror

noun

a small mirror on each side of a vehicle. The American word is sideview mirror.

wiper

noun

a windscreen wiper

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carob

a sweet brown powder that tastes like chocolate and is made from the seeds of a Mediterranean tree

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