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Existing, happening in or relating to a time in the past



happening or existing in the period of time that has just finished



used for saying how much time has passed since something happened



before the present time, or before the time you are discussing



used for saying that something has happened before now or before another point in time


adverb, conjunction, noun

used for saying that something happened at some time in the past

not any more

adverb, determiner, pronoun

used for saying that something which used to happen in the past does not happen now

at one time

in the past, but not now

one day

on a day in the past

once upon a time

used for talking about a situation that existed in the past but no longer exists, especially when it was better than the situation now



happening or existing at any earlier time

hostile architecture

the design of buildings or public spaces in a way which discourages people from touching, climbing or sitting on them …

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boots on the ground

a situation in which a country's armed forces are physically present in an area of conflict …

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