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Equipment used in scientific research

accelerator

noun

a machine used in scientific research that makes particles (=parts of atoms) move faster

beaker

noun

a glass or plastic container with straight sides that is used in a laboratory

bell jar

noun

a piece of equipment that is made of glass and shaped like a bell, used to surround other equipment during scientific experiments

boiling tube

noun

a glass container used in scientific experiments, consisting of a wide tube that is open at one end only. Boiling tubes are similar to test tubes but they are larger.

Bunsen burner

noun

a piece of equipment that produces a gas flame, used for scientific experiments in a laboratory

burette

noun

a glass tube marked with a scale and with a tap at the bottom. It is used in laboratories for allowing a small measured amount of a liquid to flow into something.

centrifuge

noun

a machine that uses centrifugal force to separate heavier substances from lighter ones by spinning them round in a container

condenser

noun

a piece of equipment that changes gases into liquids

conical flask

noun

a glass container used in laboratories that has a circular base and rises to a point

electron microscope

noun

a very powerful microscope that uses waves of electrons instead of light

evaporating dish

noun

a flat dish used in laboratories that you put a liquid in so that it can evaporate

filter

noun

an object or piece of equipment that allows you to remove solid parts that are not wanted from a liquid or gas

filter funnel

noun

a funnel that filters liquids

filter paper

noun

paper that is used in a filter for removing solid parts that are not wanted from a liquid or gas that passes through it

flask

noun

a glass container with a wide base and a narrow top used in science laboratories for holding liquids

gas jar

noun

a glass container used in laboratories for holding gases during experiments

gauze

noun

a hard flat square of wires woven together, often used for holding containers while they are being heated by a bunsen burner

hydrometer

noun

a piece of equipment used for measuring the density of liquids

incubator

noun

a piece of equipment used for keeping eggs, cells, or microorganisms at a particular temperature

litmus paper

noun

paper that contains litmus. If the paper touches an acid, it turns red, and if it touches an alkali, it turns blue.

magnifying glass

noun

a small circle of glass, usually with a handle, that makes things appear bigger when you look at them through it

microscope

noun

a piece of equipment for looking at things that are too small to see normally

Petri dish

noun

a flat dish with a lid that is used in laboratories, especially for growing cultures

pipette

noun

a thin glass tube that scientists use for measuring and moving small amounts of liquid from one container to another

prism

noun

a glass object in the shape of a prism, used for dividing light into its different colours

retort

noun

a glass container shaped like a ball with a long narrow tube at one side, used for heating substances in laboratories

retort stand

noun

a piece of laboratory equipment for supporting test tubes etc while they are being heated with a bunsen burner

slide

noun

a small thin piece of glass on which you put something that you want to look at using a microscope

stain

noun

a liquid used for adding colour to something to make it easier to examine under a microscope

test bed

noun

a place or a piece of equipment used for testing a machine

test tube

noun

a long thin glass container that is open at one end and is used in laboratories

wind tunnel

noun

a long thin room where planes and other vehicles are tested by forcing currents of air past them

food rave

a very large party where people eat, sell or share many different types of food, usually held outside or in a large public building

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