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Equipment for horse riding, racing and training

bit

noun

a piece of metal put in a horse’s mouth so that a rider can control it

blinkers

noun

things that partly cover a horse’s eyes so that it can only look straight ahead

bridle

noun

leather bands that go over a horse’s head and hold the bit in its mouth

crop

noun

a riding crop

fence

noun

a structure that horses jump over in a competition or race

girth

noun

a wide belt that you put round the middle of a horse to hold the saddle on

halter

noun

a thin piece of leather or rope fastened around a horse’s head and used for leading the horse

harness

noun

a set of strong leather bands used for fastening around an animal such as a horse so that it can pull a vehicle

hurdle

noun

an upright frame that a person or horse must jump over during a race. The sport of racing over hurdles is called hurdling, and a person or horse who takes part is called a hurdler.

lunge

noun

a long rope that you tie to a horse that is being trained

pack saddle

noun

a type of horse’s saddle to which you can fix a load

pommel

noun

the raised part at the front of a horse’s saddle

post

noun

one of two upright poles that show where a horse race begins or ends

rein

noun

a long narrow piece of leather fastened to a horse’s head that the rider uses to control the horse

riding crop

noun

a short straight whip with a piece of leather at the end, used for hitting a horse to make it go faster

saddle

noun

a leather seat that you put on a horse’s back when you ride it

saddlery

noun

products made by a saddler

silks

noun

the bright coloured shirt worn by a jockey (=someone who rides a horse in a race)

sjambok

noun

a strong, heavy whip made from the skin of a rhinoceros or hippopotamus

spur

noun

a metal object on the heel of a rider’s boot that the rider presses into a horse’s side to make it go faster

stall

noun

a frame in which a horse waits before it starts a race

starting gate

noun

a gate that a person or horse must stay behind until a race begins

stirrup

noun

a metal object that supports your foot when you ride a horse

tack

noun

the pieces of equipment that you put on a horse when you are going to ride it

whip

noun

a long thin piece of leather with a handle on one end, used for making horses move faster or for hitting someone

winning post

noun

the post that shows where the end of a horse race is

pre-cation

a paid holiday given to a new employee before they start their job

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