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Elections and relating to the electoral system

ballot rigging

noun

the practice of cheating when counting the votes in an election to make sure that a particular person or party wins

by-election

noun

an election in one particular area to choose a new representative in parliament or on a council, or to replace someone who has died or left the job

campaign

noun

a series of things that a politician or political party does to try to win an election

direct elections

noun

government elections in which everyone in a country can vote, not just a small group of chosen representatives

disenfranchise

verb

to no longer allow someone to have the right to vote

elect

adjective

elected to an important position, but not yet given that position officially

election

noun

an occasion when people vote for someone to represent them, especially in a government

electioneering

noun

things that politicians say and do to persuade people to vote for them in an election, often things that do not seem sincere or fair

elective

adjective

an elective position is one that someone holds because people have voted for them

electoral

adjective

relating to elections

enfranchise

verb

to give someone the right to vote

exit poll

noun

a way of guessing the results of an election by asking people who have just finished voting who they voted for

fall

verb

if an area falls to a political party during an election, a different party takes control of it

first-past-the-post

adjective

a first-past-the-post system is one in which only the person or political party that gets the most votes is elected

fix

verb

to dishonestly arrange something such as a game or election so that it has the result that someone wants

franchise

noun

the right to vote in elections

Gallup poll

a way of finding out what most people think about an issue by asking a number of them questions, especially in order to find out how they will vote in an election

general election

noun

an election in which every adult in the country can vote for the people who will represent them in parliament

in

adjective, adverb, preposition

if a politician or a political party is in, they have been elected

incoming

adjective

recently elected or chosen for a job or position

landslide

noun

a situation in which a person or political party wins an election by a very big majority

logrolling

noun

in US politics, the practice of agreeing to vote for someone else’s proposal, so that they will do the same for you later

loss

noun

an area that a political party no longer controls after an election

mandate

noun

the period of time during which an elected government or official is allowed to be in power

margin

noun

the amount by which a competition or election is won

marginal

adjective

won by very few votes

marginal

noun

a seat or constituency won by very few votes

off-year

noun

a year in which no major elections are held

platform

noun

the policies and aims of a political party, especially the ones that they state in order to get people to vote for them

the polls

noun

the place where people vote

poll

verb

to get a particular number or percentage of votes in an election or referendum

polling day

noun

the day when people vote in an election

pollster

noun

a person or organization that prepares a poll

popularly

adverb

a popularly elected government is elected in a democratic election

PR

noun

proportional representation

primary

noun

an election in which people in a particular state in the US choose their candidate for president

proportional representation

noun

a system of voting in which the number of representatives in government from each political party is based on the number of votes each party receives

proxy

noun

someone who has the authority to do something for you, especially to vote

psephology

noun

the study of election results and the patterns of how people vote

put something to the vote

to ask people to vote on a proposal

put up

to suggest that someone should be elected to a particular position

recount

noun

an occasion when something is counted again, especially the votes in an election

recount

verb

to count something again, especially the votes in an election

referendum

noun

an occasion when everyone in a country can vote to make a decision about one particular subject

result

noun

the final score, or the name of the winner of a sports event or election

returns

noun

the results of an election

returning officer

noun

someone whose job is to organize an election in a particular town or area and announce the results

rig

verb

to influence something such as an election in a dishonest way in order to produce a particular result

round

noun

one of a series of elections

run

noun

an attempt to be elected to an official job or position

runoff

noun

a second election or competition that is organized when the first one does not have a winner

safe seat

noun

a place where a particular political party is expected to win an election because most people support them

scrutineer

noun

someone who examines something carefully, especially an official whose job is to examine or count the votes in an election and see that it was fair

seek

verb

to ask people to vote for something

show of hands

noun

an occasion when people in a room vote by putting their hands up

spoiler

noun

someone who spoils someone else’s performance or success in an election or competition

suffrage

noun

the right to vote

suffragette

noun

in the UK and US, a woman who took part in public protests about giving women the right to vote in the early 1900s

teller

noun

someone who counts votes in an election

trail

verb

to be losing in a competition or election

unchallenged

adjective

a leader or candidate who is unchallenged is not opposed by anyone

unelected

adjective

in a position of power without being elected

universal suffrage

noun

the right of all the adults in a country to vote in elections

unopposed

adjective, adverb

if someone does something unopposed, no one competes against them or tries to stop them

whip

noun

an official order to members of a political party to go to a particular debate and vote

electorally

adverb

enfranchisement

noun

gerrymander

verb

re-election

noun

tactically

adverb

first past the post

a system in which someone wins an election if they receive the most votes, even if they do not receive a majority of the total votes

on/at the hustings

making speeches before an election to try to persuade people to vote for you

on the stump

a special journey by a politician to meet voters and try to get their support

the vote

the right to vote in an election

hostile architecture

the design of buildings or public spaces in a way which discourages people from touching, climbing or sitting on them …

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Open Dictionary

boots on the ground

a situation in which a country's armed forces are physically present in an area of conflict …

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