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Describing and measuring the wind

the Beaufort scale

noun

a series of numbers from 0 to 12 that are used to show how strongly the wind is blowing. 0 means that there is no wind and 12 means that there is a hurricane (=a violent storm)

biting

adjective

biting wind or cold is so cold that it makes you feel very uncomfortable

cutting

adjective

a cutting wind is strong and very cold

east

adjective

an east wind blows from the east

easterly

adjective

an easterly wind blows from the east

following

adjective, preposition, pronoun

a following wind blows behind a boat, plane, or other vehicle and makes it travel faster

force

noun

used with a number for describing how strong a wind is

gale-force

adjective

a gale-force wind is very strong and often causes damage to buildings and trees

gentle

adjective

gentle wind or rain is not strong or unpleasant

gusty

adjective

a gusty wind blows strongly for short periods of time

high

adjective

high winds are very strong

keen

adjective

a keen wind is cold and strong

light

adjective

a light wind is not very strong

north

adjective

a north wind blows from the north

north-easterly

adjective

a north-easterly wind blows from the north-east

northerly

adjective

a northerly wind blows from the north

north-westerly

adjective

a north-westerly wind blows from the north-west

offshore

adjective

an offshore wind is blowing away from the land, towards the sea

penetrating

adjective

affecting you by passing through layers that would normally protect you

piercing

adjective

piercing wind or cold air is so cold that it hurts you

sharp

adjective

a sharp wind or frost is very cold

soft

adjective

soft wind, rain etc is not strong or unpleasant

south

adjective

a south wind blows from the south

south-easterly

adjective

a south-easterly wind blows from the south-east

southerly

adjective

a southerly wind blows from the south

south-westerly

adjective

a south-westerly wind blows from the south-west

violent

adjective

a violent wind, storm, or explosion happens with great force and causes serious damage and destruction

west

adjective

a west wind blows from the west

westerly

adjective

a westerly wind blows from the west

wind chill

noun

the fact that the wind makes the air temperature feel colder

stiff wind/breeze

a stiff wind or breeze is fairly strong

food rave

a very large party where people eat, sell or share many different types of food, usually held outside or in a large public building

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skanky

very unpleasant or dirty

Open Dictionary

dead white (European) male

a man … whose achievements may have been overestimated because he belonged to the gender and ethnic group … that was dominant at the time

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