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Creating, amending and abolishing laws

abolish

verb

to officially get rid of a law, system, practice etc

abrogate

verb

to officially get rid of a law or political arrangement, often without the agreement of the other people, groups etc involved

amend

verb

to make changes to a document, law, agreement etc, especially in order to improve it

amendment

noun

a change made to a law or agreement

amendment

noun

the process of changing a law or agreement

backdate

verb

to make a rule or law start to be effective from a date in the past

bring in

to introduce a new law or system

codify

verb

to make something part of an organized system, especially an official system of laws

come in

if something such as a law or practice comes in, it starts to be used or done

criminalize

verb

to make an activity illegal by making a new law

decriminalise

a British spelling of decriminalize

decriminalize

verb

to change the law so that something that was illegal becomes legal

deregulate

verb

to take away the rules that control something such as an industry

deregulation

noun

the process of taking away the rules that control something such as an industry

ease

verb

to make a rule or punishment less severe

enact

verb

to make a proposal into a law

first reading

noun

the first time that a parliament considers a proposal for a new law

frame

verb

to develop or make up something such as a plan or law

get through

to have a new law accepted by a parliament

get through

if a law gets through, it is accepted by a parliament

go through

if a law goes through, or if it goes through a law-making institution, it is officially approved

harmonise

a British spelling of harmonize

harmonize

verb

to make laws or policies similar to those of a different country, organization etc

impose

verb

to introduce something such as a new law or new system, and force people to accept it

initiative

noun

a process by which people can suggest a new law by signing a petition

insert

verb

to add something to a legal agreement or an official document

invoke

verb

to use a law or rule in order to achieve something

legalise

a British spelling of legalize

legalize

verb

to make something legal by creating a new law

legislate

verb

to create a new law and have it officially accepted

legislator

noun

someone who has the power and authority to create new laws

legitimize

verb

to make something legal

liberalise

a British spelling of liberalize

liberalize

verb

to make laws or rules less strict so that people have more freedom

lift

verb

to officially end a rule or law that stopped someone from doing something

mandate

verb

to give an official order or make a law stating that something must be done

nullify

verb

to make something lose its legal effect

outlaw

verb

to make something illegal

pass

verb

to make a law, proposal etc become official, usually by voting to accept it

pass

verb

if a law, proposal etc passes, or passes a particular law-making body, it becomes official as the result of a vote

passage

noun

the process by which a bill is discussed in a parliament and becomes law

pilot

verb

to make sure that something such as a new law is introduced or accepted

push through

to succeed in getting a law, agreement etc accepted quickly although a lot of people oppose it

reading

noun

one of three occasions when a bill (=new law) is read to Parliament in the UK and discussed before it can become law

relax

verb

to make rules, controls, conditions etc less strict

relaxation

noun

the process of making rules, controls, conditions etc more relaxed

repeal

verb

to state officially that a law no longer has legal authority and has ended

rescind

verb

to state officially that something such as a law or an agreement has ended and no longer has legal authority

restore

verb

to start using something such as a law or custom again

revise

verb

to change, improve, or make additions to something such as a book, law, or piece of writing

revoke

verb

to officially say that something is no longer legal, for example a law or a document

rewrite

verb

to make changes to something such as a computer program

strengthen

verb

to make a law or punishment stronger

strike down

if a judge or court strikes down a law, they officially end it

void

verb

to make something no longer legal or effective

washup

noun

the period during the last few days of a parliament when the government tries to get officially accepted as many of its proposals for new laws as possible

abrogation

noun

decriminalization

noun

enactment

noun

law-making

noun

legalization

noun

liberalization

noun

nullification

noun

reinstatement

noun

repeal

noun

come into effect

if a new rule or law comes into effect, it starts to be used

in effect

if a law or rule is in effect, it is operating

take effect

if a new rule or law takes effect, it starts to be used

hostile architecture

the design of buildings or public spaces in a way which discourages people from touching, climbing or sitting on them …

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boots on the ground

a situation in which a country's armed forces are physically present in an area of conflict …

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