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Cloth and fibres made from plants

bark cloth

noun

a type of cloth made from the inner bark of various trees, used in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Pacific Islands

buckram

noun

stiff cotton cloth used for covering books

burlap

noun

hessian

calico

noun

heavy white cloth made of cotton

calico

noun

cloth made of cotton with a coloured pattern printed on it

cambric

noun

thin white cloth made from cotton or linen

candlewick

noun

cotton cloth that is decorated with lines of soft cotton fibres

canvas

noun

strong heavy cotton cloth used for making tents, shoes, and sails

cheesecloth

noun

thin light cotton cloth

chintz

noun

cotton cloth with a pattern of flowers, used especially for curtains and for covers for chairs

coir

noun

thick rough fibres from the shell of a coconut, used for making ropes and covering floors

corduroy

noun

a thick cotton cloth with a ridged surface (=one covered with raised lines). It is used especially for making jackets or trousers.

cotton

noun

cloth made from the white fibres of a plant called a cotton plant

cotton

noun

made from cotton cloth

cotton

noun

a material or piece of clothing made of cotton

crepe

noun

a soft thin cloth with small folds in its surface, made from cotton or silk

denim

noun

thick cotton cloth that is usually blue and is used especially to make jeans

drill

noun

a type of strong cotton cloth

flannel

noun

soft cotton cloth used for making clothes and sheets

flannelette

noun

light cotton flannel

fustian

noun

cloth made of thick rough cotton, worn especially in the past

gabardine

noun

thick cloth, usually made from cotton or wool, used especially for coats and suits

gaberdine

another spelling of gabardine

gauze

noun

white cotton cloth that is very thin and has been woven in a loose way, used in layers for protecting and treating an injury

gingham

noun

thin cloth made from cotton with a pattern of small coloured and white squares

hessian

noun

a thick rough cloth used for making things such as bags and ropes, made from a plant, either hemp or jute

khaki

noun

soldiers’ uniforms that are khaki, or the cloth used to make them

lawn

noun

a light cloth usually made from cotton or linen, used for making clothes

linen

noun

light cloth made from a plant called flax

madras

noun

a type of cotton cloth

moleskin

noun

a soft thick cloth made from cotton

muslin

noun

a light thin cotton cloth used for making dresses, curtains, and sheets

oilcloth

noun

thick cotton cloth with a smooth shiny surface, or a piece of this cloth

oilskin

noun

thick cotton cloth that is treated with oil so that water cannot pass through it

organdie

noun

a thin stiff cotton cloth that is used especially for making dresses or curtains

piqué

noun

a type of woven cotton cloth

poplin

noun

a strong cotton cloth

rayon

noun

a light smooth cloth made from cellulose (=plant cells)

sailcloth

noun

a strong cloth originally made of cotton, used for making sails and tents

seersucker

noun

thin cotton or rayon cloth with a pattern of raised lines on its surface

sisal

noun

a white fibre used for making rope and rugs (=small carpets). It comes from a Mexican plant.

terry

noun

a thick cotton cloth used especially for making towels

ticking

noun

strong thick cotton cloth used especially for covers for mattresses and pillows

towelling

noun

thick cloth used for making towels or dressing gowns (=clothing that you wear especially after you have had a bath)

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any random process, such as a competition in which a name is drawn from a hat

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