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Christian churches and religious groups and their members

acolyte

noun

someone who helps a priest during a religious ceremony

Amish

noun

a religious group in the US that live in a traditional way, mainly by farming, and refuse to use modern technology

Anglican

noun

a Christian who is a member of the Church of England

Baptist

noun

a member of a Protestant religious group that believes that people should make their own decision to be baptised

beadle

noun

someone in the past whose job was to help a priest of the Church of England, especially by keeping order in the church

Benedictine

noun

a monk or a nun who is a member of a Christian religious group started by St Benedict

benefice

noun

the position in the Christian Church of a priest of a parish to which payment and property is connected

Calvinism

noun

a type of Protestant Christianity based on the ideas of John Calvin. Someone who believes these ideas is a Calvinist. Calvinists are often considered to have very strict moral opinions.

Christendom

noun

all the Christian countries or all the Christian people in the world

Christian

noun

someone whose religion is Christianity

Christianity

noun

the religion based on the ideas of Jesus Christ. Its followers worship in a church.

Christian Science

noun

a religion started by Mary Baker Eddy in 1879 whose members think that illness should be cured through religious belief

church

noun

all the people who go to a particular church

church

noun

a group of Christian churches with its own particular beliefs and structures

church

noun

the Christian religion as a political or official organization, and the people who work for it

churchgoer

noun

someone who goes to church regularly

the Church of England

the official Christian Church in England that has the king or queen as its leader

the Church of Scotland

the official Christian Church in Scotland

C of E

abbreviation

Church of England

communicant

noun

someone who receives communion in a Christian church ceremony

communion

noun

a group of people or churches with the same religious beliefs

the Episcopal Church

noun

a Protestant Christian Church that developed from the Anglican Church

Episcopalian

noun

a member of the Episcopal Church or of another church that developed from the Anglican Church

evangelist

noun

a member of an evangelical church

evangelist

noun

someone who travels around trying to persuade people to become Christians

flock

noun

the group of people who go to a particular church

friar

noun

a man who is a member of a particular group in the Christian religion. In the past, friars travelled around teaching people about God.

fundamentalist

noun

a Christian who believes that the exact meaning of every word in the Bible is the true meaning

the God squad

noun

Christians, especially ones who often talk about their religious beliefs. This word is used especially by people who are not religious and dislike people talking about religion.

High Church

noun

the part of the Anglican Church that emphasizes tradition and church authority

Jacobite

noun

a member of an ancient Christian group in Syria

Jehovah’s Witness

noun

a member of a Christian religious group started in the US in 1872. Jehovah’s Witnesses believe it is their duty to go to people’s homes and prepare them for the time when our world will end and Jesus Christ will come to Earth for a second time.

the Kirk

noun

the Church of Scotland

laity

noun

people who are members of a church but who are not priests

Latter-day Saints

noun

members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, a Christian religious group established in the US in 1830

layman

noun

someone who is a member of a Christian church but not officially employed by it as a priest, minister etc

lay reader

noun

a member of some Christian churches who is not a priest but who is allowed to be in charge of some religious services or some parts of them

laywoman

noun

a woman who is a member of a Christian church but not officially employed by it as a priest, minister etc

Low Church

noun

churches in the Church of England whose members think that personal religious beliefs are more important than ceremonies and priests. Churches in which there are a lot of complicated ceremonies are called High Church.

Lutheran

noun

a member of a Christian religious group formed in Germany in the 16th century and still active in parts of the world

Methodist

noun

a member of a Protestant Christian church that was formed by John Wesley in the 18th century

Moonie

noun

a member of the Unification Church. Some members of the church may consider this word offensive.

Mormon

noun

a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, formed in the US by Joseph Smith in 1830

Nonconformist

noun

a member of a type of Protestant Christian church that is not the main type of church in a country

Orthodox Church

noun

a Christian church most of whose members live in eastern Europe and parts of Asia and Africa

parishioner

noun

someone who lives in a particular parish and regularly goes to church

Pentecostalist

noun

a member of a Christian church that emphasizes the power of the Holy Spirit

Pilgrim

noun

one of the people who left England and went to live in what is now the US in the early 17th century

Presbyterian

noun

a member of a Christian church that follows the basic ideas of John Calvin

Protestant

noun

a member of a group of Christian churches that separated from the Roman Catholic Church in the 16th century

puritan

noun

someone who has strict moral or religious principles, and does not approve of pleasure, for example in sexual activity, entertainment, or eating and drinking

Puritan

noun

a member of a strict English religious group of the 16th and 17th centuries who wanted worship to be more simple. Many Puritans moved to America in the 17th century.

puritanism

noun

behaviour that follows puritan principles

Puritanism

noun

the beliefs of the Puritans

Quaker

noun

a member of a Christian religious group called the Society of Friends, whose members avoid violence and hold simple religious services with no priests

reader

noun

a lay reader in a Christian church

revivalism

noun

a religious movement encouraging people to be interested in Christianity

Roman Catholic

noun

a member of the part of the Christian Church that has the pope as its leader

the Sally Army

an informal name for the Salvation Army

the Salvation Army

an international organization that teaches Christianity and helps people with problems. It is organized like an army and is famous for its bands, which play in public.

server

noun

someone who helps a Christian priest to perform a religious ceremony

Seventh Day Adventist

noun

a member of a Christian religious group whose members believe that Jesus Christ will come into the world again soon

the Shakers

noun

a US Christian religious group known for living simply in farming communities and for making wooden furniture

synod

noun

an official group of church members who meet to discuss and make decisions about church issues

synod

noun

a meeting of a synod

televangelist

noun

someone who talks about religion on television in order to persuade people to become Christians and to give money to their organization

Trappist

noun

a member of a Christian community of men who have promised never to speak as a way of showing their strong religious beliefs

the Unification Church

a Christian church begun in Korea in 1954 by Sun Myung Moon

Unitarian

noun

a member of the Unitarian Universalist Church

Unitarian

noun

a Christian who does not believe in the Trinity

verger

noun

someone whose job is to look after a church

witness

noun

someone who speaks about their strong Christian beliefs

Anglicanism

noun

Christian Scientist

noun

creationist

noun

Methodism

noun

Nonconformist

adjective

Presbyterianism

noun

Protestantism

noun

the Established Church

a church that is officially supported by a country’s leaders, especially the Church of England

sandwich generation

a generation … who are balancing working life with caring for both their teenage children and elderly parents

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

dish

to gossip or share personal information with someone …

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