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Christian beliefs

canonical

adjective

based on the laws of a Christian church

canon law

noun

the set of laws of a Christian church

cardinal sin

noun

something that the Christian religion says is bad and that you must not do

commandment

noun

according to the Bible, one of the ten rules of behaviour called the Ten Commandments that God gave people to obey

the Creation

noun

the act of making the universe start to exist, when believed to be done by God

creationism

noun

the belief that the universe was created exactly as the Bible describes it

the Cross

noun

the structure on which Jesus Christ died according to the Bible

the Crucifixion

noun

the occasion when Jesus Christ was killed on the Cross according to the Bible

Eden

noun

in the Bible, the beautiful place where the first humans, Adam and Eve, lived

the Fall

noun

in the Jewish and Christian religions, the story of how evil came into the world because Adam and Eve did not obey God

the Flood

noun

in the Bible, the occasion when God covered the earth with water to punish people

fundamentalism

noun

the belief of some Christians that every word in the Bible is exactly true

the gospel

noun

the things that Jesus said and taught, according to the Bible

the Holy Land

the countries in the Middle East where the stories in the Bible are based, and where Christians believe that Jesus Christ lived

the Immaculate Conception

the Christian belief that Mary, the mother of Christ, was free from original sin (=the evil that all people are born with)

the Incarnation

noun

in the Christian religion, the appearance of God in human form, as Jesus Christ

the Last Supper

in the Bible, the last meal Jesus Christ ate with his 12 disciples on the evening before he was crucified. He offered them bread and wine, and the religious ceremony known as Communion or the Eucharist is based on this.

manna

noun

according to the Bible, the food that God gave to the Israelites in the desert after they had escaped from Egypt

the millennium

noun

the time when some Christians believe Jesus Christ will return to the world and rule it for 1,000 years

the Nativity

the birth of Jesus Christ, celebrated by Christians at Christmas

Noah’s ark

in the Bible, the large boat that Noah built to save animals from the flood that covered the whole world

original sin

noun

the evil that, according to Christian belief, all people are born with

the Passion

noun

the painful death of Jesus Christ, according to the Bible

redemption

noun

the state of being made free from the power of evil, especially in the Christian religion

redemptive

adjective

making someone free from the power of evil, especially in the Christian religion

the Resurrection

noun

the occasion on which Jesus Christ was brought back to life after his death, according to the Bible

resurrection

noun

the occasion on which all dead people will be brought back to life at the end of the world, according to Christian belief

salvation

noun

in the Christian religion, the act of being saved by God from evil

the Second Coming

in Christianity, the return of Jesus Christ to Earth

Sodom and Gomorrah

two cities in the Bible that were destroyed by God as punishment for the sexual behaviour of the people who lived there. People sometimes say that a place is like Sodom and Gomorrah as a way of saying that they are very shocked by people’s sexual behaviour in that place.

transubstantiation

noun

the belief of some Christians that the bread and wine used in church ceremonies become the body and blood of Jesus Christ

the virgin birth

noun

the birth of Jesus Christ. In Christian belief, Jesus’s mother Mary was made pregnant by God, not by having sex with a man.

solutionism

the belief that every problem has a solution based in technology

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Open Dictionary

chicken raffle

any random process, such as a competition in which a name is drawn from a hat

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