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Causes, symptoms and the course of illnesses

aetiology

noun

the cause of a disease

complication

noun

something that makes a medical condition more dangerous or difficult to treat

crisis

noun

a time when a disease starts to get better or worse very suddenly

dehydration

noun

a dangerous lack of water in the body resulting from not drinking enough or by sweating, vomiting, or having diarrhoea

discharge

noun

a liquid that comes out from a part of someone’s body when they are ill

hallucination

noun

something that you think you can see or hear that is not really there, especially because of an illness or the effect of drugs

pathology

noun

the way that a particular disease develops in someone

perforation

noun

the process by which illness or injury causes a small hole or cut in an organ or tube inside your body

predisposed

adjective

likely to suffer from a particular illness or condition

predisposition

noun

the fact that someone is likely to think or behave in a particular way, or likely to develop a particular medical condition

retention

noun

a situation in which harmful substances stay in the body instead of passing out of it

sclerosis

noun

a process in which a soft organ or soft tissue in your body becomes hard

the shakes

noun

uncontrolled quick movements of your body that you make because, for example, you are ill, nervous, or have drunk too much alcohol

susceptible

adjective

likely to suffer from a particular illness or condition, or to be affected by it more severely than others are

swelling

noun

the increase in size of an area of your body caused by an injury or an illness

symptom

noun

a sign that someone has an illness

symptomatic

adjective

showing the symptoms of an illness

tipping point

noun

the time during an epidemic when the number of people who are infected with a disease increases very quickly

ulceration

noun

the process by which ulcers are formed

vertigo

noun

a loss of balance, or a feeling that things around you are spinning, often because you are in a very high place

dizziness

noun

feverishness

noun

light-headedness

noun

shakiness

noun

sandwich generation

a generation … who are balancing working life with caring for both their teenage children and elderly parents

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dish

to gossip or share personal information with someone …

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