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Castles, towers and fortifications

bailey

noun

an area of land between the outer and inner walls of a castle

battlements

noun

a wall around the top of a castle, with spaces through which weapons could be fired

belfry

noun

the part of a tower that has a bell in it

bell tower

noun

a tower of a church or other building in which there is a bell

campanile

noun

a tall tower with a bell at the top, especially one near a church but not a part of it

casbah

noun

another spelling of kasbah

castellated

adjective

in architecture, a castellated building is made to look like a castle, usually with battlements

castle

noun

a large strong building with thick walls, built in the past to protect the people inside from being attacked

chateau

noun

a castle or large house in the French countryside

chatelaine

noun

a woman in charge of a castle or large house

citadel

noun

a castle intended originally for the defence of a city, usually built on a high place

crenellated

adjective

in architecture, a crenellated wall or castle has battlements

drawbridge

noun

a bridge that can be pulled up to let ships pass or to stop people getting into a castle

dungeon

noun

a dark underground room in a castle that was used as a prison in the past

fastness

noun

a place that is difficult to attack or get control of, usually because it is on the top of a hill or mountain

fort

noun

a strong building, often with a high wall around it, used by soldiers for defending a place

fortifications

noun

strong buildings, walls, towers etc built around a place in order to defend it

fortress

noun

a strong well-protected building used for defending a place

kasbah

noun

a castle built on a high place to defend a North African city

keep

noun

a large strong tower in the centre of a castle

moat

noun

a deep wide hole, usually filled with water, that surrounds a castle as protection against attack

portcullis

noun

a heavy iron gate that can be lowered in front of the entrance to a castle as a defence

rampart

noun

a high hill of earth, or a stone wall, built around a city or castle to protect it against an enemy

spire

noun

the pointed top of a church tower or other building

steeple

noun

a tall pointed tower on a church

tower

noun

a tall narrow structure that forms the highest part of a church or other building

the Tower of London

a castle in London that was first used as a home for kings and queens, then as a prison, and is now used as a museum

turret

noun

a small tower on the top of a building such as a castle

wall

noun

a very tall strong structure that is built to defend a place or to keep people inside a place, for example a prison, castle, or city

watchtower

noun

a tower from where guards can see the whole area that they are guarding

turreted

adjective

pre-cation

a paid holiday given to a new employee before they start their job

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