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Cancer and relating to cancer

cancer

noun

a serious illness caused by a group of cells in the body increasing in an uncontrolled way. Cancer is often treated by chemotherapy (=special drugs) or by radiotherapy

carcinogen

noun

a substance that can cause cancer

carcinogenic

adjective

likely or able to cause cancer

carcinoma

noun

a cancer that is found on the skin or on the lining of organs inside the body

cytology

noun

the study of how cells grow and change, for example cells that cause cancer

Hodgkin’s disease

noun

a serious illness that is a type of cancer

leukaemia

noun

a type of cancer affecting your blood

leukemia

the American spelling of leukaemia

lymphoma

noun

a cancer that affects the lymph nodes

malignancy

noun

the state of being malignant

malignancy

noun

a malignant tumour

melanoma

noun

a serious type of skin cancer caused especially by the light of the sun

metastasis

noun

the spread of cancer to a new place in your body

metastasis

noun

a new area of cancer that grows from an older one in your body

precancerous

adjective

certain to develop into cancer if the patient does not get medical treatment

sarcoma

noun

a group of damaged cells in your body that can grow and spread very quickly and will cause serious illness or death if they are not removed

tumor

the American spelling of tumour

tumour

noun

a mass of cells in your body that grow in a way that is not normal. A benign tumour is harmless, and a malignant tumour can cause death

cancerous

adjective

metastasize

verb

metastatic

adjective

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chicken raffle

any random process, such as a competition in which a name is drawn from a hat

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