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Building materials

adobe

noun

earth mixed with straw, used for making bricks to build houses

aggregate

noun

sand or small stones used for making concrete (=material used for building)

asbestos

noun

a substance that does not burn easily that was used in building materials in the past. It is now known to cause cancer and is no longer used.

bitumen

noun

a black sticky substance made from petroleum, used for making roads and covering roofs

board

noun

a long thin flat piece of wood, used especially for making floors and other parts of buildings

boarding

noun

boards joined together to make something such as a floor or a fence

breeze block

noun

a large light brick made from cement and cinders that is used in building

brick

noun

a block used for building walls and other structures

brick

noun

bricks used as a building material

brownstone

noun

a type of reddish-brown stone, often used for building

caulk

noun

a substance that you use for caulking something

cavity wall insulation

noun

a substance that is put into a cavity wall to keep heat inside a building

cement

noun

a grey powder used in building that becomes very hard when you mix it with sand and water

cinder block

noun

a breeze block

cladding

noun

a hard substance such as wood, stone, or metal that is put on the outside of a structure, especially a building, to protect it or make it look more attractive

clapboard

noun

wooden boards used for covering the outside of a building

clapboard

noun

one of these wooden boards

concrete

noun

a hard substance used in building made by mixing cement, sand, small stones, and water

damp course

noun

a layer of plastic material that is built into the bottom of the walls of a building to stop damp from rising up into the walls from the ground

daub

noun

a mixture of wet clay and straw (=dried plant stems), used for making walls, especially in the past

decking

noun

wood used for making this floor

duct tape

noun

strong and very sticky cloth that is often used for covering cracks or holes in pipes

fiberboard

the American spelling of fibreboard

fibreboard

noun

a hard light substance made from wood fibres pressed together, used in building

fibro

noun

fibrocement: a building material that is made from asbestos and cement and can cause lung disease

filler

noun

a substance used for repairing holes in walls and in wood

floorboard

noun

a long wooden board that is part of a wooden floor

galvanize

noun

pieces of galvanized tin (=a soft white metal) that are used for making roofs or fences

girder

noun

a very large metal bar used for making the frame of a building, bridge, or other large structure

granite

noun

a type of very hard stone, used especially for building

hardboard

noun

thin light board made by pressing very small pieces of wood together

hard core

noun

pieces of broken stone and brick used to make the surface that something is built on

insulating tape

noun

sticky material that you wrap around electrical wires in order to insulate them

insulation

noun

material used for preventing heat, cold, noise, or electricity from passing through something

insulator

noun

a substance that reduces the amount of heat, cold, noise, or electricity that can pass through something

iron

noun

a hard heavy metal that is a common element. It is used for making steel and is also used in many types of machine and building structures.

laminate

noun

a substance that consists of several thin layers of wood, plastic, glass etc

lath

noun

a long thin piece of wood used in building

leads

noun

flat pieces of lead used for covering roofs

lime

noun

a white substance used for making cement and for helping plants to grow

limestone

noun

a type of white or grey stone containing calcium, used for building and making cement

lumber

noun

timber

marble

noun

a hard smooth stone used for building and making statues. Marble is usually white with dark lines that are not regular in shape

masonry

noun

the bricks or stones that make a building, wall, or other structure

MDF

noun

medium-density fibreboard: a building material made of small pieces of wood pressed together to form boards, used for making furniture, doors etc

mortar

noun

a substance used in building for joining bricks or stones, made by mixing together sand, water, and lime

mud

noun

earth used as a building material

parquet

noun

a floor made of blocks of wood that form a pattern

paving

noun

bricks, blocks of stone, or concrete used for covering an area of ground

pebbledash

noun

a substance that consists of cement mixed with a lot of small pebbles and is spread over the outside walls of a house

piping

noun

a long tube that can be cut into smaller tubes to make pipes

pitch

noun

a thick black sticky substance used on roofs and ships to stop water getting through

plank

noun

a long narrow piece of wood used for making structures such as floors

planking

noun

planks used for making a floor

plaster

noun

a substance that is spread onto walls and ceilings to form a hard smooth surface

plasterboard

noun

plaster that is put between layers of strong paper, and is used for covering walls

plywood

noun

a type of board used for building houses, furniture etc, made from thin layers of wood that are fixed together using glue

pointing

noun

the cement or mortar between the stones or bricks in a wall

precast

adjective

already made into the correct shape to use for building a structure

putty

noun

a soft grey substance used for fixing glass into windows

quarry tile

noun

a thick tile for floors that has a slightly rough surface

reinforced concrete

noun

concrete with metal bars inside it to make it stronger

rendering

noun

plaster or cement used for covering a wall

roofing

noun

material used for making or repairing the roofs of buildings

sandstone

noun

a type of pale yellow stone used for building, made from sand that has become hard over many years

scaffolding

noun

poles and boards used for making a scaffold on the outside of a building

shingle

noun

one of many small flat pieces of wood that form the outer surface of a wall or roof

slab

noun

a large flat piece of a hard material such as stone or wood

slate

noun

a single flat piece of slate that is used with others for covering a roof

stone

noun

the hard substance that rocks are made of, often used for building

stucco

noun

a substance used for covering walls, usually on the outside of a building, to give them a rough surface

tile

noun

a flat piece of baked clay or stone that is used for covering a roof

tile

noun

a flat square piece of baked clay or another substance used for covering a wall or a floor

timber

noun

wood used for building houses or making furniture

timber

noun

a piece of wood used for building

wattle

noun

a substance used for making walls, consisting of large sticks with small branches between them

weatherboard

noun

one of a set of wooden boards used for protecting the outside of some buildings, arranged so that the base of one board covers the top of the next

woodblock

noun

a square piece of wood that forms part of a floor

wattle and daub

a substance used in the past for building walls, consisting of wattle covered with clay

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