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Branches of medical science

aetiology

noun

the study of the causes of diseases

bioengineering

noun

the use of engineering for medical purposes, for example the use of artificial body parts, organs etc to replace damaged ones

biomedicine

noun

the principles of biology and biochemistry applied to the practice of medicine

biomedicine

noun

the study of the effect of the environment on the body under extreme conditions, especially in space travel

cardiology

noun

the area of medicine that deals with the heart and the diseases that affect it

chiropody

noun

the area of medicine that deals with people’s feet

cytology

noun

the study of how cells grow and change, for example cells that cause cancer

dentistry

noun

the study of people’s teeth and how to treat problems of the teeth and mouth

dietetics

noun

the scientific study of how food affects your health

embryology

noun

the scientific study of embryos

ENT

abbreviation

ear, nose, and throat

epidemiology

noun

the scientific study of infectious diseases and their causes

general practice

noun

the work of a doctor who treats people for a wide range of medical problems, rather than concentrating on a specific type of medical problem

genetics

noun

the study of how the individual features and behaviour of living things are passed on through their genes

geriatrics

noun

the medical study, treatment, and care of old people and their diseases

gerontology

noun

the scientific study of old age

GP

noun

general practice

gynaecology

noun

the type of medicine that deals with the study and treatment of medical conditions and diseases that affect women and their reproductive organs

gynecology

the American spelling of gynaecology

haematology

noun

the scientific study of blood

hematology

noun

the American spelling of haematology

immunology

noun

the study of how diseases can be prevented and how the immune system works

medicine

noun

the study and practice of treating or preventing illnesses and injuries

neurology

noun

the study of your nervous system and the diseases that affect it. A doctor who is an expert in this subject is called a neurologist.

neuroscience

noun

the scientific study of the nervous system

nutrition

noun

the science of food and its effect on health and growth

obstetrics

noun

the part of medicine that deals with pregnant women and childbirth

oncology

noun

the study and treatment of cancer

orthopaedics

noun

the part of medicine that deals with the treatment of orthopaedic injuries or diseases

orthopedics

an American spelling of orthopaedics

paediatrics

noun

the part of medical science that deals with children and the treatment of their illnesses

pathology

noun

the study of the causes of diseases and how they affect people

pediatrics

the American spelling of paediatrics

pharmacology

noun

the scientific study of medicines and drugs used for treating medical conditions

pharmacy

noun

the scientific study of methods of preparing medicines and drugs used for treating medical conditions

radiology

noun

a medical treatment in which radiation is used for treating an illness, or the study of this type of treatment. Someone who is trained in radiology is a radiologist.

rheumatology

noun

the area of medicine that deals with rheumatism. A doctor who works in this area is called a rheumatologist.

urology

noun

the study of diseases of the urinary system, or medical treatment for them

virology

noun

the treatment and study of illnesses caused by viruses

ophthalmology

noun

dark pool

a method of financial trading in which share prices are hidden and not openly available to the public

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bottom line

the amount of money that a business makes or loses

Open Dictionary

subtweet

to post a tweet, usually a negative one, that mentions a person without using the @ sign, so that they will not see the message on their Twitter feed …

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