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Bones and joints in the body

ankle

noun

the part at the bottom of your leg where your foot joins your leg

backbone

noun

the row of small bones that goes down the middle of your back

ball-and-socket joint

noun

a joint in your body where the end of a bone that is curved outwards meets the end of a bone that is curved inwards and they move together

bone

noun

one of the hard parts that form a frame inside the body of a human or animal. This frame is called a skeleton

bone

noun

the substance that bones are made of

bone marrow

noun

the soft red substance inside the spaces in bones

breastbone

noun

the flat bone in the middle of your chest. The medical word is sternum.

cheekbone

noun

one of the two bones on each side of your face, below your eyes

clavicle

noun

one of the pair of bones that go across the top of your chest from your shoulder to the bottom of your neck. A less technical name for this is the collarbone.

coccyx

noun

the small bone at the bottom of your spine (=the row of bones down your back)

collarbone

noun

one of the pair of bones that go across the top of your chest from your shoulder to the bottom of your neck

endoskeleton

noun

the hard structure, usually made of bone, inside the body of a vertebrate

femur

noun

the bone in the top part of your leg, above your knee. A less technical name for this is the thigh bone.

fibula

noun

the outer narrower bone in the bottom part of your leg. The other wider bone is your tibia.

funny bone

noun

the part of your elbow that hurts when you hit it against something

hinge joint

noun

a joint (=part in the body where two bones meet) that allows movement up and down in one direction only, for example a knee joint or an elbow joint

hip

noun

one of the two joints (=parts where two bones meet) at either side of your body between your waist and the top of your legs

hip bone

noun

one of the two circular bones that make up the pelvis

humerus

noun

the bone that connects your shoulder to your elbow

jawbone

noun

the bone that supports the lower part of your face and moves so that you can open and close your mouth

joint

noun

a part of your body that can bend where two bones meet

kneecap

noun

the bone at the front of your knee

marrow

noun

the soft substance inside bones, where blood cells develop

metatarsal

noun

any of the bones in your foot between your toes and your ankle

out

adverb, preposition

used for saying that the bones in your back have moved and it is very painful

patella

noun

the bone at the front of your knee. The usual word for this is kneecap.

pelvis

noun

the large circular bones that support the lower part of your back and are connected to the bones of your legs

pivot joint

noun

a joint (=part in the body where two bones meet) in which one bone turns around on another bone. This type of joint allows, for example, the head to turn from side to side.

radius

noun

the larger outer bone in the lower arm, next to the ulna

rib

noun

one of the long curved bones that are in your chest

rib

noun

one of the bones that are in the chest of an animal

rib cage

noun

the bones that curve around the chest and protect organs such as the lungs and heart

rotating joint

noun

a pivot joint

scapula

noun

one of the two bones on the sides of your upper back. A less technical name for this is shoulder blade.

set

verb

if a broken bone sets, the two ends of it grow into one piece again

shinbone

noun

the bone in the lower front part of your leg, between your knee and your ankle

shoulder blade

noun

one of the two flat bones at the top of your back, near your shoulders

sinus

noun

one of several empty spaces in the bones of your face in the area behind your nose

skeleton

noun

the set of bones that supports a human or animal body, or a model of this

skull

noun

the bones of the head

socket

noun

a curved space in the human body where a moving part, such as an eye or an arm fits

solar plexus

noun

the front part of your body, below your chest, that is painful if you are hit hard there

spinal column

noun

the main bone structure of your spine

spine

noun

the row of bones down or along the middle of a human’s or animal’s back

sternum

noun

the flat bone in the middle of your chest. A less technical word is breastbone.

synovial fluid

noun

liquid in joints (=body parts where two bones meet) that allows your bones to move smoothly

tailbone

noun

the bone that is at the bottom of your back

tarsus

noun

your ankle (=the set of bones that connect your foot to your leg)

thigh bone

noun

a femur

tibia

noun

the bone at the front of your lower leg, between your knee and your ankle. A more usual word is shinbone.

ulna

noun

the longer of the two bones that connect your wrist to your elbow, next to the radius

vertebra

noun

one of the small bones that form a row down the centre of your back

vertebral column

noun

the main bone structure down your back that forms your spine

dark pool

a method of financial trading in which share prices are hidden and not openly available to the public

BuzzWord Article

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