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Appearing in court

affirm

verb

to promise to tell the truth in a court of law

allow

verb

to decide that a piece of information is acceptable in a court of law

appeal

verb

to formally ask a court of law or similar authority to change its decision

appear

verb

to go to a court of law, committee, or similar institution, so that people can ask you questions and make decisions about what you say

arraign

verb

to order someone to go to a court of law to be formally charged with a crime

bring

verb

to start a legal case against someone

bring before

to arrange for a case to be discussed in a court, committee, or parliament

call

verb

to order someone to be present or give evidence in a court of law

cite

verb

to officially order someone to appear in a court of law

claim

verb

to say that someone’s actions are the cause of something, especially in a court of law

come before

to be considered, discussed, or judged by someone in authority

come up

to be judged in a court of law

competent

adjective

allowed to have a case judged in court

competent

adjective

allowed to appear as a witness in a court case

court-martial

verb

to judge someone in a military court

court-martial

verb

to decide that someone is guilty in a military court

cross-examine

verb

to ask a witness questions during a trial after another lawyer has already asked them questions

cross-question

verb

to cross-examine someone

defend

verb

to be the lawyer in a court case who tries to prove that someone is not guilty

depose

verb

to give information about something in a court of law

dismiss

verb

if a judge dismisses a court case, they officially decide that the case should not continue

double jeopardy

noun

a situation in which someone is accused of a crime for a second time after they have already been to trial for that crime

examine

verb

to ask someone questions in a legal trial

file for

to officially ask a court for something, for example ask them to give you a divorce or state officially that you are bankrupt

get off

to not be punished severely or at all for something that you have been accused of in court

go before

to be considered by a judge, committee, or other authority as part of an official process

hear

verb

if a court case is heard, it is dealt with by a court or judge

hear

verb

if a court hears something, that is what is said in court

hold

verb

if a court or judge holds that something is true, the court or judge says that it is true

instruct

verb

to arrange for a lawyer to speak for you in court

judge

verb

to decide whether or not someone is guilty in a court of law

litigate

verb

to ask a court of law to make a decision about a disagreement

litigious

adjective

always ready to deal with disagreements by suing (=starting a legal case) rather than by discussion

move

verb

to make a formal proposal at a meeting or in court

non-appearance

noun

failure to go to court when you should be there

overturn

verb

to say officially that something such as a decision or law is wrong and change it

petition

verb

to give a court an official document in which you ask it to take legal action

plead

verb

to say in a court of law whether you are guilty of a crime or not

proceed against

to begin a case against someone in a court of law

prosecute

verb

to try to prove as a lawyer in court that someone is guilty of a crime

remand

verb

to tell someone who has committed a crime to return to court for trial on a particular day

remit

verb

to send a case back to the original court to be dealt with there

retry

verb

to judge a person or crime in a court of law again because a previous trial was considered not to be fair or it ended without a verdict

rise

verb

if something such as a law court or committee rises, it stops working at the end of the day or for a period of time

seek

verb

to ask for something from a law court

sequester

verb

to keep a group of people, especially a jury in a court trial, apart from other people

stand down

to leave the witness box in a court of law after you have answered lawyers’ questions

submit

verb

to make a statement, especially in a court of law

subpoena

verb

to officially order someone to come to a court of law to give information

sue

verb

to make a legal claim against someone, usually to get money from them because they have done something bad to you. The legal claim is called a lawsuit

summon

verb

to officially order someone to come to a place, especially a court of law

summons

verb

to order someone to appear in court

sustain

verb

to agree that a decision, law etc is based on good legal principles

swear in

to make someone give a formal promise in a law court or at an official ceremony

sworn

adjective

made or given by someone who promises that everything they are going to say is true

testify

verb

to make a statement about something that you saw, know, or experienced, usually in a court of law

third-party

adjective

relating to a person or organization that is not one of the two main people or organizations involved in a legal agreement or case

try

verb

to judge a person or case in a court of law

uphold

verb

if a court of law upholds something such as a claim, it says that it is correct

witness to

to formally state that something is true, especially in a court of law

counterclaim

verb

all rise

used for telling people in a law court to stand up when the judge enters or leaves

be called to the bar

to officially become a lawyer

commit someone/something for trial

if a magistrate (=a judge in a lower court) commits a person or a case for trial, they send the person or case to a higher court

drag someone through the courts

to start a legal case against someone who does not want this to happen

pass (a) sentence (on someone)

to officially say in a court of law what a criminal’s punishment will be

perjure yourself

to lie when you give evidence in a court of law

pervert the course of justice

to try to influence the result of a court case, especially by preventing the true facts about a crime from being known

pronounce sentence

to announce in a court of law what someone’s punishment for a crime will be

rest your case

used in a court of law by a lawyer for saying that they have finished explaining their case and are ready for the judge or jury to decide it

issue/serve a writ

to give someone a writ

stand accused of something

to have been formally accused of committing a crime or of doing something wrong

stand trial (for something)

to be judged for a crime in a court of law

take the stand

to go into the stand and start to give evidence

up for something

appearing in a court of law because you have been accused of a crime

food rave

a very large party where people eat, sell or share many different types of food, usually held outside or in a large public building

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