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Animal farming

brand

noun

a mark that is burnt onto the skin of an animal such as a cow, to show who owns it

brand

verb

to burn a mark onto the skin of an animal such as a cow, to show who owns it

cattle prod

noun

a stick that can give an electric shock, used for making an animal move in a particular direction

churn

noun

a milk churn

corral

verb

to move horses, cows etc into a corral

crate

noun

a large container in which farm animals are kept

crook

noun

a long stick that is curved at one end, used by shepherds for controlling their sheep

dairy

adjective

involved or used in producing milk or foods made from milk

dip

verb

to put an animal in a bath filled with a chemical that kills insects on its skin

dip

noun

a liquid chemical used for killing insects on an animal’s skin

drive

verb

to make a group of animals move somewhere

factory farm

noun

a system in which animals or birds are kept inside in small spaces and made to grow or produce eggs very quickly

farm

noun

a place where a particular type of animal is produced in order to be sold

fatten

verb

to make an animal fat so that it will be nicer to eat

fish farm

noun

an enclosed area of water where fish are bred

graze

verb

to put an animal in a place where it can eat grass

head

noun

used as a way of counting farm animals

herd

verb

to make a group of animals move together to another place

husbandry

noun

the activity of farming and caring for animals

keep

verb

to own animals and look after them

lasso

noun

a long rope with one end tied in a circle, used especially in North America for controlling horses, cows, and other large animals

litter

noun

any substance that farm animals sleep on

manger

noun

a long low open container that horses or cows eat from

manure

noun

solid waste from farm animals, often mixed with other substances and used on crops to help them to grow

milk

verb

to take milk from a cow, goat, or sheep

milk churn

noun

a large metal container used for carrying milk from farms

muck out

to clean a place or building where farm animals live

nosering

noun

a metal ring that is fixed through an animal’s nose and used for tying a rope to

ox

noun

a large type of cow that is used on farms for pulling or carrying things

pasture

verb

to put sheep, cows etc in a field so that they can eat the grass

pen

verb

to shut an animal in a small area with a fence around it

prod

noun

a long thin object used for prodding an animal

raise

verb

to keep a particular type of animal or grow a particular crop

ranch

noun

a very large farm in the western US or Canada, where cows, horses, or sheep are kept

rope

verb

to catch a farm animal using a rope, usually in a rodeo

shear

verb

to cut the wool from a sheep

shearing

noun

the process of cutting the wool from sheep

sheep dip

noun

a chemical that is used for killing insects in a sheep’s wool, or the container used for this treatment

stall

noun

a narrow space for one animal such as a horse or pig

station

noun

a large farm in Australia or New Zealand where sheep or cattle are kept

stock

noun

animals such as cows and pigs that are kept on a farm

stock

verb

to put fish in a lake or river

trough

noun

a long narrow open container used for holding food or water for animals

winter

verb

to keep animals in a particular place during winter

lambing

noun

put something out to pasture

to put a sheep, cow etc in a field so that it can eat the grass

put out/retire to stud

to keep a male animal that no longer works for breeding

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