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Adoption and caring for other people's children

adopt

verb

to take someone else’s child into your family and legally make him or her your own child

adopted

adjective

legally made a part of a family that is not your original family

adopter

noun

someone who adopts a child

adoption

noun

the process of making a child legally part of your family, or an instance of this

adoption agency

noun

an organization or business that helps to find children for people to adopt

adoptive

adjective

adoptive parents are people who have adopted a child

au pair

noun

someone, especially a young woman, who lives with a family in a foreign country and helps with the children and housework in exchange for the opportunity to learn the language

babysit

verb

to look after children in their home while their parents are not there, especially in the evening

babysitter

noun

someone you pay to come to your house and look after your children while you are not there, especially in the evening

babysitter

noun

a childminder

Barnardo’s

a British organization that looks after children who have no parents or who come from poor families

care

noun

in the UK, the system in which local government looks after children whose parents are either dead or not able to look after them themselves

care order

noun

a legal arrangement in the UK for the local Social Services to look after a child instead of the child’s parents

chaperone

noun

a parent or teacher who goes to a school dance or other event to help to look after the children

childcare

noun

the job of looking after children, especially while their parents are working

Childline

an organization in the UK that children who are being badly treated can telephone for help

childminder

noun

someone whose job is to look after children while their parents are at work, usually in his or her own home

children’s home

noun

a place where children can be sent to live if they cannot live with their family

crèche

noun

a place where babies and small children are looked after while their parents are busy

day care

noun

childcare

foster

verb

to look after a child as part of your family for a period of time because the child’s parents cannot look after them

foster

adjective

relating to fostering a child. A child who is looked after in someone else’s home for a period of time is called a foster child, and the people who look after the child are called foster parents

guardian

noun

someone who is legally responsible for another person such as a child whose parents have died

in loco parentis

adverb

if an adult acts in loco parentis to a child who is not their child, they take responsibility for looking after that child

legitimize

verb

to officially make an illegitimate child legitimate

looked-after

adjective

used to describe children who are in care (= looked after by local government because their parents are either dead or not able to look after them themselves)

nanny

noun

a woman whose job is to look after someone else’s children. A nanny usually lives with the family that she works for.

nannying

noun

the job of being a nanny

the NSPCC

The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children: an organization in the UK that protects children from being treated badly

nurse

noun

a woman whose job is to look after a young child

nursemaid

noun

a woman whose job is to look after someone’s children in their home

nursery nurse

noun

someone with special training whose job is to look after small children

playscheme

noun

a place where children do sports and other activities during school holidays

sit

verb

to babysit

sitter

noun

a babysitter 1

supervision order

noun

a court order that says that a child must be looked after by a social worker

ward

noun

someone, especially a child, who is officially being looked after by a court of law or by someone who is not their parents. The person who looks after them is their guardian

watch

verb

to take care of a child, an animal, or someone’s property for a short time and make sure that nothing harms it

babysitting

noun

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