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The law, laws and parts of laws - thesaurus

Related words

act

noun

a law passed by a country’s government

adjective law

noun

the rules of procedure and practice that are used by courts

admiralty law

noun

a field of law that deals with many aspects of ships and the transport of goods and people by ship

ambulance chasing

noun

showing disapproval the act of contacting injury victims to offer to represent them in a compensation claim

bill

noun

a written document containing a proposal for a new law

business law

noun

a field of law that deals with trade and commerce. Business law is also referred to as commercial law.

bylaw

noun

a law made by a local government that applies only in that area

case law

noun

the system of law that has developed from judgesdecisions in particular cases in the past

Chapter 11

noun

a part of a U.S. law that allows companies with serious financial problems to organize themselves in a different way and pay the money that they owe slowly instead of stopping operating completely

Chapter 7

noun

a part of U.S. law that allows a person with serious financial problems to avoid paying most of the money that they owe in exchange for giving up some of their property

civil law

noun

the part of law that deals with disagreements between people rather than with crime

civil law

noun

a system of law used in most European countries, based on ancient Roman law

civil liberties

noun

the basic rights that all citizens have to do or say what they want, as long as they do not break the law or affect other people’s rights

civil rights

noun

the basic rights that all people in a society should have, for example the right to be treated fairly by the law, the right to express their ideas, and the right to practice their religion

the CJEU

the Court of Justice of the European Union: the European Union institution that contains its entire judiciary, consisting of three separate courts: the Court of Justice, the General Court, and the Civil Service Tribunal

claim

noun

a legal right to something

claims farming

noun

informal the practice of encouraging people to make claims for payment, especially compensation, and then selling these claims to a law firm

claims management

noun

the business of giving advice or offering other services connected to claims for payment, especially compensation

clause

noun

legal a part of a legal document or law that officially states that something must be done

commercial law

noun

a field of law that deals with trade and commerce

common law

noun

the system of law that has developed from customs and judges’ decisions instead of from laws made by politicians. The set of laws made by politicians is called statute law.

common law

noun

the system of law used in the US that is based on English law

common law

noun

a historical system of inflexible laws used in England from the 11th century

community law

noun

European Union law

company law

noun

British corporate law

comparative law

noun

the study of the similarities and differences between the legal systems and laws of different countries

competition law

noun

a field of law that regulates competition between companies, especially by preventing anti-competitive practices. In some countries it is called antitrust law or anti-monopoly law.

conscience clause

noun

the part of a law or contract that allows people who do not agree with it for moral or religious reasons not to obey it

constitutional convention

noun

one of many rules in the U.K. that are obeyed within the political and constitutional systems although they are often not written in any document and do not have legal authority

constitutional law

noun

the area of law that deals with the relationship between the different parts of a state, namely, the executive, the legislature and the judiciary

contract law

noun

the field of law dealing with the formation, breaching, and enforcement of contracts

control

noun

a law, agreement, or method that limits something

corporate law

noun

the laws connected with how businesses may operate

corporation law

noun

the laws connected with how businesses may operate

criminal law

noun

the system of laws that deals with crimes and the punishment of criminals

curfew

noun

a law that does not allow people to go outside between a particular time in the evening and a particular time in the morning

curfew

noun

the period of time during which people must not go outside according to a curfew law

cyberlaw

noun

the group of laws relating to computers and information systems

dead letter

noun

a law, agreement, or tradition that people no longer pay any attention to

delegated legislation

noun

secondary legislation

employers' liability

noun

the field of law dealing with employers' responsibility for the safety of their employees

employment law

noun

the field of law dealing with the relationship between employees and employers as well as with labor unions

the European Communities Act

a law passed in 1972 that allowed the U.K. to become a member of the then EEC (now the European Union)

European Union law

noun

the laws and treaties that regulate the member states of the European Union. Informally it is also called EU law, community law or European law.

executive order

noun

an order from the president or a department or official of the U.S. government that has the same authority as a law

ex post facto law

noun

a law that changes the consequences of actions that occurred before the law existed, for example making illegal an action that was legal at the time it was committed

family law

noun

the field of law that deals with issues relating to family matters such as marriages, divorces, and adoption

the Freedom of Information Act

the law that allows people to obtain copies of any government documents except those that might cause harm

government bill

noun

a proposal for a new law that is introduced by the government

the Human Rights Act

a U.K. law introduced in 1998 that incorporated the European Convention on Human Rights into U.K. law

inheritance law

noun

the field of law dealing with the distribution of a person's money and property after their death

intellectual property law

noun

the field of law dealing with non-physical creative rights, for example copyright, patents, and trademarks

interest

noun

business a legal right to own part of a business or property

invalidity

noun

the fact of not being legally effective

IP law

noun

intellectual property law: the field of law dealing with non-physical creative rights, for example copyright, patents, and trademarks

IPR

noun

Intellectual Property Rights: someone’s rights relating to ideas, products, and work that they created and that can be protected by a copyright, patent, or trademark

the judicature

noun

formal judges and the work, organization, and power of courts and the law

jurisdiction

noun

the right or power to make legal decisions

jurisdiction

noun

a country or area in which a particular legal system operates

jurisprudence

noun

formal the system of laws that exists in a particular place or that affects a particular area of activity

justice

noun

the legal process of judging and punishing people

labor law

noun

employment law

land law

noun

the field of law that deals with the ownership and use of land

law

noun

an official rule that people must obey

law

noun

a system of rules within a country, region, or community dealing with people’s behavior and activities

law

noun

the profession that includes lawyers and judges

law

noun

relating to this profession, to courts, or to a legal system

law

noun

relating to this area of knowledge or study

the Law Commission

an independent body in some countries that reviews the law of that country and proposes reforms

the law of obligations

noun

the area of law that contains the fields of contract law and the law of torts

the law of torts

noun

the field of law dealing with torts

the law of trusts

noun

the field of law that deals with the rights and duties of trustees

law report

noun

a book that contains judicial decisions that state important points of law and often set precedents

legal system

noun

the set of laws of a particular country and the way that they are used

legislation

noun

a law, or a set of laws

the letter of the law

the exact words that are used in a law, rather than its general meaning

the literal rule

noun

the plain-meaning rule

loophole

noun

something that has been left out of a law or legal document that people can use to avoid obeying it

maritime law

noun

the field of law that deals with ships and the transportation of goods and people by sea

Megan’s Law

noun

a law in New Jersey that makes it necessary for police to inform neighbors when a person who is guilty of a sex crime moves into the area

the mischief rule

noun

an unwritten rule of statutory interpretation that states that judges must look at the reasons why a law was introduced when they are interpreting its meaning

ordinance

noun

American a law passed by a local government

PACE

abbreviation

Police and Criminal Evidence Act: a British law passed in 1984 that regulates police procedures

the parol evidence rule

noun

a rule of contract law that states that no other statements or correspondence outside of a written contract can be used to interpret the contract in another way

penal code

noun

a system of laws dealing with the punishment of crimes

personal injury law

noun

the field of law that deals with compensation for mental or physical harm that is usually caused by negligence

PI law

noun

personal injury law

the plain-meaning rule

noun

an unwritten rule of statutory interpretation that states that judges must keep to the normal meaning of a word when they interpret its meaning. The plain-meaning rule is also known as the literal rule.

the Police and Criminal Evidence Act

noun

a British law passed in 1984 that regulates police procedures. It is often abbreviated to PACE.

power of attorney

noun

the legal right to make decisions for someone else, especially because they are old or sick and cannot make decisions themselves

prescriptive right

noun

a right that is legally valid because it has existed for a long time

primary legislation

noun

laws passed by the legislature of a country

private bill

noun

a proposal for a law that applies to a specific person or company or group of people or companies but not to everyone

private law

noun

the field of law that involves disputes between individuals and organizations rather than between an individual or organization and the state

procedural law

noun

adjective law

prohibition

noun

a law or rule that stops people from doing something

proposition

noun

American a suggested law or change in a law that citizens vote for or against

provision

noun

a part of an agreement or law that deals with a particular problem

public bill

noun

a proposal for a law that applies to everyone in that particular jurisdiction

quasi-contract

noun

the area of law that deals with quasi-contracts

requirement

noun

something that a rule, law, contract, etc. states that you must do

rider

noun

an addition to an official document or new law

right of way

noun

the legal right to go across someone’s private land

Roman law

noun

civil law

rule of law

a situation in which everyone in a country is expected to obey the laws, including powerful people, military leaders, etc.

secondary legislation

noun

laws passed by the executive in a country or region in order to put primary legislation into practice

statute

noun

a law passed by a government and formally written down

statute

noun

a written rule made by an organization or institution

statute law

noun

all the laws created by a government

statute of limitations

noun

a law that sets a period of time during which legal action can be taken

statutory instrument

noun

in England and Wales, a law or other rule or provision that creates secondary legislation

substantive law

noun

the area of law that defines and regulates rights, duties and responsibilities rather than procedures

technicality

noun

a minor detail of the law that can lead to an unfair result

BuzzWord

gaslight

to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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