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a part of the government with a particular responsibility. The three branches of government are the legislative branch (=the legislature that makes laws), the executive branch (=the president who governs according to those laws), and the judicial branch (=the judges and courts who make certain that the laws are used correctly).
an organization that provides local government in a city, county, etc.
the part of government that makes certain that laws are being used as planned. The other two parts of government are the legislative branch and the judicial branch.
the office that the government of one Commonwealth country has in another Commonwealth country, similar to an embassy
the part of government that includes all the judges and courts in a country. The other parts of government are the executive branch and the legislative branch.
mainly British an office in a foreign country where representatives of your own government work or live. It is less important than an embassy.
non-governmental organization: an organization which is neither a government department, nor a business operating for profit. NGOs are often paid for by the government and may work with government departments, but they are independent of the government.
government departments, or the people who work in them. This word usually shows that you dislike these people, because you think they are not helpful.
the main law-making institution in some countries. In the U.K., Parliament consists of politicians elected to the House of Commons and members of the House of Lords
a government department that secret agents work for
the principle by which the responsibilities of the state are separated into distinct branches, usually the legislature, the judiciary, and the executive, in order to stop any one branch having too much power