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Verb forms and tenses

the active

noun

the active form of a verb. The active is also sometimes called the active voice.

aspect

noun

the form of a verb that shows whether an action is continuing, is repeated, or happens only once

auxiliary

noun

an auxiliary verb

auxiliary verb

noun

a verb that is used with another verb to show its tense, form questions, form the passive, or change an aspect of its meaning. The main auxiliary verbs in English are “be,” “have,” and “do.”

the conditional

noun

the verb form used for saying that something must happen or exist in order for something else to be true

conjugation

noun

the way that you conjugate a particular verb

conjugation

noun

a group of verbs that all conjugate using the same pattern

copula

noun

a linking verb

do

verb

used instead of repeating the same verb that was used earlier in the sentence, or in a previous sentence

the first person

noun

the form of the pronoun or verb that you use about yourself, and about someone who is with you. The first person pronouns in English are “I,” “me,” “we,” and “us.”

the future

noun

the future tense of a verb

the future perfect

noun

the verb tense used for showing that an action will be finished at a particular time in the future. The future perfect in English is formed using “will have,” as in “He will have finished the work by Friday,” or “shall have,” as in “I shall have gone to work by the time you get up”.

the future tense

noun

the verb tense used for talking about future time

imperative

noun

the form of a verb that expresses orders. The imperative is also called the imperative mood.

the imperfect

noun

the form of a verb that describes an action in the past that is continuous, repeated, or not finished. The imperfect is also called the imperfect tense.

indicative

noun

a form of a verb used for making statements or asking questions

infinitive

noun

the basic form of a verb. In English, this form of the verb together with the word “to” in front of it is usually called a to-infinitive, and the verb form on its own is usually called a bare infinitive.

linking verb

noun

a verb such as “be” or “seem” that connects the subject of a sentence with its complement (=the part of the sentence that describes the subject)

modal

noun

a modal verb

modal auxiliary

noun

a modal verb

modal verb

noun

a verb such as “can,” “might,” “should,” etc. that is used with another verb to express ideas such as possibility, permission, or intention

mood

noun

a group of verb forms that are used to show whether, for example, a sentence is a statement, question, or order

participle

noun

the form of a verb used in compound tenses and as an adjective. English uses the present participle, which ends in “-ing,” and the past participle, which usually ends in “-ed.”

the passive

noun

the passive form of a verb. The passive is also sometimes calle the passive voice.

the past

noun

the form of a verb that is used for describing states that existed or things that happened before the present time

past participle

noun

the form of a verb used to make the perfect tense and passive forms of verbs. Past participles are also sometimes used as adjectives, for example “cooked” in the phrase “cooked vegetables.”

the past perfect

noun

a verb tense formed with “had” and a past participle. It is used to express an action that was completed before a particular time in the past, for example “had finished” in the sentence “She offered to help but I had already finished”.

the past tense

noun

the form of a verb used to express what existed or happened in the past, for example “lived” in the sentence “We lived in France until I was 7.”

the perfect

noun

the perfect tense

the perfect tense

noun

the form of a verb that is used for talking about an action that has been completed before the present time. In the sentence “Sharon has gone home,” “has gone” is the perfect tense of “go.”

phrasal verb

noun

a combination of words that is used like a verb and consists of a verb and an adverb or preposition, for example give in or come up with

the pluperfect

noun

the past perfect tense of a verb

pres.

abbreviation

present

the present

noun

the present tense

present participle

noun

in English, the form of a verb that ends in “ing” and expresses continuing action, for example the word “fishing.” It can sometimes be used as an adjective, for example in “the screaming baby.”

the present perfect

noun

in English, a verb tense that expresses an action that was completed at some time in the past, or that started in the past and continues. The tense is formed by combining the present tense of “have” and the past participle of a verb, as in the sentence “She has paid the bill”.

the present tense

noun

the form of a verb that expresses what exists now, what is happening now, or what happens regularly

the preterite

noun

the past tense

principal parts

noun

the basic forms of an English verb, from which other verb forms are made, such as the infinitive, past tense, and past participle

reciprocal verb

noun

a verb that describes something that two people do to or with each other, for example the verb “meet” in the sentence “We always meet in the park.”

the second person

noun

the pronoun or form of a verb that refers to the person you are talking to. In English the second person pronoun is “you.”

split infinitive

noun

an infinitive in which there is an adverb between the word “to” and the verb, as in the phrase “to completely understand.” Some people avoid this because they think it is bad style.

subjunctive

noun

the form of a verb that is used for expressing doubts and wishes. For example, in the sentence “I wish I were taller,” “were” is in the subjunctive. The indicative is used for making statements and asking questions about facts, and the imperative is used for telling someone to do something.

tense

noun

a form of a verb used for showing when something happens. For example “I go” is the present tense and “I went” is the past tense of the verb “to go.”

the third person

noun

the set of pronouns and verb forms used for referring to someone or something that is not the speaker or the person being spoken to

v.

abbreviation

verb

verb

noun

a type of word or phrase that shows an action or a state, for example “run” and “remain”

verbal

adjective

acting as a verb, or relating to a verb

verbally

adverb

using a verb

voice

noun

the form of a verb that shows whether the subject of the verb does the action (the active voice) or whether the action is done to it (the passive voice)

ergative

noun

first/second/third person

the forms of pronouns or verbs that show who is being referred to. People use the first person (I) to refer to themselves, the second person (you) to refer to the person or people they are talking to, and the third person he/she/they to refer to anyone else

kimchi

a Korean dish made from fermented cabbage or other vegetables, garlic and spices

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

jones

a compulsive desire for something; an addiction to something

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