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Vegetables

acorn squash

noun

a small round squash (=a hard smooth vegetable), usually orange or yellow, in the shape of an acorn

artichoke

noun

a round green vegetable with thick pointed leaves arranged close together in layers. After cooking it, you pull off each leaf and eat the soft bottom part.

arugula

noun

a plant with flat green leaves often eaten in salads

asparagus

noun

a long thin green vegetable whose stems and tips (=pointed ends) are eaten

aubergine

noun

an eggplant

bamboo shoots

noun

a vegetable consisting of the stems of a young bamboo plant, used especially in Chinese cooking

beet

noun

the round dark purple root of a vegetable that is cooked and eaten. The British word is beetroot.

beet

noun

a sugar beet

beetroot

noun

a beet

bell pepper

noun

a hollow green, red, or yellow vegetable with small white seeds inside. It can be eaten raw or cooked.

bok choy

noun

a Chinese vegetable with long dark green leaves and white stems

broccoli

noun

a vegetable consisting of green stems with many small green or purple buds on the ends, eaten cooked or raw

Brussels sprout

noun

a small round vegetable consisting of many green leaves wrapped tightly around each other

butternut squash

noun

a long orange vegetable shaped like a bell with a hard skin and solid orange flesh that becomes soft when cooked

cabbage

noun

a hard round vegetable with green or purple leaves that can be eaten raw in salads or cooked

calabrese

noun

a dark green vegetable that is a type of broccoli

capsicum

noun

a red, green, or yellow vegetable with white seeds inside. The more usual word for this is a pepper.

carrot

noun

a long hard orange vegetable that grows under the ground and has green leaves on its top

cauliflower

noun

a vegetable with a hard round white central part surrounded by green leaves

celeriac

noun

a large white vegetable that grows under the ground and is eaten raw or cooked. It is a type of celery.

celery

noun

a pale green vegetable with a group of long stems that are eaten raw or cooked

chard

noun

a vegetable with white stems and large dark-green leaves

chicory

noun

a vegetable with green leaves that have a bitter taste, usually eaten raw in salads

chicory

noun

an endive

chili

noun

a red or green vegetable with a hot taste, usually thin and pointed in shape

Chinese cabbage

noun

a vegetable with large, pale green leaves which have thick white stalks. It can be cooked or eaten raw in salads.

corn on the cob

noun

the top part of a corn plant, cooked and eaten as a vegetable

cos lettuce

noun

romaine lettuce

courgette

noun

a zucchini

cucumber

noun

a long thin vegetable that has a dark green skin and is white inside. It is usually eaten raw in salads.

daikon

noun

a large white radish from Asia

eggplant

noun

a vegetable with a smooth, dark purple skin. The British word is aubergine.

endive

noun

a vegetable with pale flat leaves that have a bitter taste

endive

noun

a vegetable with curly green leaves eaten in salad

fennel

noun

a pale green vegetable with seeds and leaves that are used for flavoring food

garlic

noun

a round white vegetable with small sections called cloves which you add to food for a strong pleasant flavor. The whole garlic is called a bulb or head.

globe artichoke

noun

a round green vegetable in which the leaves grow in a ball shape on a tall stem

green bean

noun

a long thin green vegetable that grows on a tall climbing plant

green onion

noun

a type of onion with a small white round part and a long thin green stem. It is usually eaten raw in salads.

green pepper

noun

a hollow green vegetable containing small white seeds. It can be eaten raw in salads or cooked.

gumbo

noun

okra

iceberg lettuce

noun

a round pale green lettuce with leaves that form a tight ball

jalapeño

noun

a small green or red pepper often used in Mexican cooking for giving food a hot flavor

Jerusalem artichoke

noun

a vegetable with a very pale brown skin and white flesh. It grows under the ground.

jicama

noun

a tuber (=part like a root) that is white inside and is eaten especially in salads

kale

noun

a vegetable with large curly dark-green leaves. Kale is a type of cabbage.

kohlrabi

noun

a hard round vegetable, eaten raw in salads or cooked

leek

noun

a long thin vegetable that tastes similar to an onion and is white at one end with green leaves at the other

lettuce

noun

a vegetable with large thin green leaves that you eat raw in a salad

mangetout

noun

a snow pea

new potato

noun

a small potato taken from the ground early in the year

okra

noun

a vegetable with long green pods (=seed containers) that is used especially in African and South Asian cooking

onion

noun

a round vegetable with thin dry skin and many layers inside that tastes and smells very strong

pak choi

noun

bok choy

parsnip

noun

a long white hard vegetable that grows under the ground

pea

noun

a very small round green vegetable that grows in a long narrow pod

pepper

noun

a red, green, orange, or yellow vegetable with small white seeds inside. It can be eaten raw in salads or cooked.

pepper

noun

a small pepper with a strong hot flavor

pimento

noun

a small red vegetable that is a type of pepper. Pimentos are often put into the middle of green olives.

plantain

noun

a type of banana (=long yellow fruit) used as a vegetable in cooking Caribbean and African foods

potato

noun

a very common hard round vegetable that has a brown, red, or yellow skin and is white or yellow inside. It grows under the ground and can be cooked in many different ways

pumpkin

noun

a large round vegetable with a thick orange skin and large seeds

radicchio

noun

a vegetable with small purple and white leaves, eaten raw in salads

radish

noun

a small pink or red vegetable that is eaten raw in salads

red pepper

noun

a red vegetable with small white seeds inside. It can be eaten raw in salads or cooked.

rocket

noun

arugula

romaine

noun

a type of lettuce with long narrow firm leaves

russet

noun

a type of potato with russet colored skin

rutabaga

noun

a large, round, hard vegetable that is yellow inside and grows under the ground. The British word is swede.

savoy cabbage

noun

a type of cabbage (=a round green vegetable) whose leaves are curly, not smooth

scallion

noun

a small white onion with a long green stem

shallot

noun

a small vegetable similar to an onion

spinach

noun

a vegetable with dark green leaves that can be cooked or eaten raw in salads

spring onion

noun

a scallion or green onion

sprout

noun

a Brussels sprout

spud

noun

a potato

sugar beet

noun

a vegetable that grows under the ground and is used for producing sugar

swede

noun

a rutabaga

sweet corn

noun

the small yellow or white seeds of some types of corn plant that you can cook and eat as a vegetable

sweet pepper

noun

a green, red, or yellow vegetable that does not have a strong flavor. Sweet peppers are often simply called peppers.

sweet potato

noun

a vegetable with a slightly sweet taste that looks like a potato with pink skin

Swiss chard

noun

a vegetable with large green leaves and thick stems

tater

noun

a potato

turnip

noun

a large round light-colored root vegetable that grows under the ground

veg

noun

vegetables

water chestnut

noun

a small hard white vegetable, often used in Asian cooking

wild rice

noun

the seed of a grass that grows in North America, eaten as a vegetable

yam

noun

a root vegetable that looks like a long white potato and has a brown skin

yam

noun

a sweet potato

zucchini

noun

a long vegetable with dark green skin. The British word is courgette.

pre-cation

a paid holiday given to a new employee before they start their job

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