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Types of stone or rock

alabaster

noun

white stone used for making statues and other objects used for decoration

basalt

noun

a dark-green or black rock formed when hot liquid rock from a volcano becomes solid

chalk

noun

a type of soft white stone

crystal

noun

a clear rock that looks like glass, especially quartz

feldspar

noun

a type of hard pale stone

felspar

another spelling of feldspar

flint

noun

a hard gray stone that was used in the past for making tools

haematite

noun

the British spelling of hematite

hematite

noun

a red mineral (=rock) from which iron is obtained

igneous

adjective

igneous rocks are formed from liquid rock from volcanos that becomes solid as it gets cold. Granite and basalt are igneous rocks.

lava

noun

the solid rock that forms when liquid lava becomes cold

limestone

noun

a type of white or gray stone containing calcium, used for building and making cement

magma

noun

hot liquid rock inside the Earth

marble

noun

a hard smooth stone used for building and making statues. Marble is usually white with dark lines that are not regular in shape

matrix

noun

the rock in which hard stones or jewels form

mica

noun

a transparent stone often used in electrical equipment

ore

noun

rock or earth from which metal can be obtained

pumice

noun

a very light gray stone from a volcano

quartz

noun

a hard shiny stone often used inside electronic equipment and watches

rock salt

noun

salt that is dug out of the earth in lumps of rock

sandstone

noun

a type of pale yellow stone used for building, made from sand that has become hard over many years

sedimentary

adjective

sedimentary rock is a type of rock that is formed from substances that have been left by water, wind, or ice and have become pressed together through time. The other types of rock are igneous rock and metamorphic rock.

shale

noun

a type of smooth dark rock that breaks into thin layers

slate

noun

a type of dark gray stone that breaks easily into flat thin pieces

soapstone

noun

a type of soft stone that is often carved to make decorations

stratified

adjective

formed into layers of a particular type of rock

talc

noun

a very soft stone used for making talcum powder

metamorphic

adjective

mom jeans

a style of loose-fitting jeans with a high waist, often considered unfashionable

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Open Dictionary

endies

Employed but with No Disposable Income or Savings: people who are in work but only earn just enough to live on

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