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The brain and nervous system

brain

noun

the organ inside your head that allows you to think and feel, and controls your body

brain

noun

belonging to or connected with the brain

brain cell

noun

one of the millions of cells that your brain is made of

brain damage

noun

damage to someone’s brain as a result of an accident or illness

brain death

noun

a state in which someone’s brain has stopped working, so that they are in fact dead, even though a machine may continue to make their heart work

brainstem

noun

the part of the brain above the spinal cord between the left and right halves of the brain

brainwave

noun

an electrical signal sent by your brain that can be recorded and measured

central nervous system

noun

the part of your nervous system that consists of your brain and your spinal cord

cerebellum

noun

the part of your brain that is responsible for your balance and movement

cerebral

adjective

relating to or affecting your brain

cerebral cortex

noun

the outer layer of the cerebrum (=the front part of your brain)

cerebral hemisphere

noun

one of the two halves of the front part of your brain

cerebrum

noun

the front part of your brain that controls thinking, learning, and feeling. It is divided into two halves called cerebral hemispheres.

CNS

abbreviation

central nervous system

cortex

noun

the outer layer of your brain or another organ

dopamine

noun

a chemical produced in the brain that carries messages from nerve cells to other nerve cells or muscles

frontal

adjective

relating to the front part of the head or brain

frontal lobe

noun

either of the two front parts of the brain

ganglion

noun

a group of nerve cells

gray matter

noun

your brain

hemisphere

noun

one half of the brain, divided between left and right

the hypothalamus

noun

a small area on the lower part of your brain that controls your heartbeat and body temperature and also affects your pituitary gland

input

noun

in psychology, information that your brain receives from your eyes, ears, or nerves

lobe

noun

a round part of something, especially a part of a leaf or a large section of your brain

medulla oblongata

noun

the lowest part of your brain that is connected to your spinal cord and controls the way that your heart and lungs work

message

noun

a piece of information that your brain sends to or receives from a part of your body

nerve

noun

one of the groups of fibers in your body that carry messages between your brain and the rest of your body, communicating pain, pressure, feelings of heat and cold, etc.

nerve center

noun

a part of the body such as your brain or spine, where many different nerves send and receive messages that control your body

nervous

adjective

relating to the system of nerves in your body

the nervous system

noun

the system of nerves that sends and receives the signals that control your body and mind

neural

adjective

relating to your nerves or your nervous system

neural network

noun

a system of nerve cells that receives messages from your brain, allowing your body to do something

neuro-

prefix

brain, nerve, or nervous system: used with some nouns and adjectives

neurological

adjective

relating to your nervous system or to the diseases that affect it

neuron

noun

a cell that sends messages to your brain and receives messages from your brain through electrical signals

nut

noun

your head, or your brain

receptor

noun

a nerve, for example in your skin or your nose, that sends messages to your central nervous system

root

noun

the end of a nerve that is closest to the center of your body

spinal cord

noun

the inner part of your spine that contains nerves going from your brain to the other parts of your body

synapse

noun

a place in your nervous system where nerve cells join each other

temporal lobe

noun

a part of the brain that is responsible for hearing, memory, and speech

transmission

noun

the process in which signals are sent from one nerve to another in the body

white matter

noun

the white substance in your brain and spinal cord that consists mainly of nerve fibers

pre-roll

a video advertisement that appears immediately before an online video

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

breakfast rave

a rave … that takes place early in the morning and where there is no alcohol or drugs …

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