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The Internet

ABEND

noun

used in the subject line of e-mails to warn people that they will soon lose their connection to the Internet

access number

noun

the telephone number that is used to connect to an internet service provider

account name

noun

the name of a user on a network or Internet system

address

noun

a series of letters, numbers, and symbols that show you where to find a particular website on the Internet

anonymous FTP

noun

anonymous file transfer protocol: a set of rules for moving computer files from one computer to another, especially over the Internet, without having to say who you are or use a password

blind certificate

noun

a way of checking who has visited a company’s website that shows the user’s system but not his or her name

blogosphere

noun

the imaginary place on the Internet where people’s blogs go so that other people can read them and react to them

Bluetooth

a type of radio technology that makes it possible for electronic communication to exist between cell phones, the Internet, and computers

bookmark

noun

an electronic way of marking an Internet website so that you can easily find it again

Boolean

adjective

a Boolean search is one using the words “and,” “or,” and “not” to find a word or combination of words using an Internet search engine. For example you could ask to search for “car or automobile,” or “New York and not New York state.”

Boolean operator

noun

a word such as “and,” “or,” or “not” used in a Boolean search on the Internet

bounce rate

noun

a measurement of the number of people who leave a website after they look at only one page

broadband

adjective

capable of carrying sound, pictures and video that are sent at high speeds, usually above 1.544mbps

broadband

noun

a type of connection to the Internet that allows you to receive or send a lot of information very quickly

browser

noun

a computer program that allows you to look at and search through information on the Internet

browsing

noun

the activity of looking at websites on the Internet in no particular order

callback

noun

a system in which a remote computer calls back the computer that has just called its number when trying to connect to the Internet, so that only the correct person can use the Internet

certificate authority

noun

a computer or company on the Internet that provides or checks digital certificates to prove that a company is who it claims it is

chat room

noun

an area on the Internet or a computer network where people can exchange messages

click rate

noun

the number of times a website is visited in a particular period of time

clickstream

noun

the series of clicks of a computer mouse that someone makes when they look at websites on the Internet

clicktivism

noun

the use of the Internet as a tool for influencing public opinion or achieving political or social aims

connect time

noun

the amount of time that a computer is logged on (=connected) to another computer through a modem. Many Internet service providers charge their customers according to their connect time.

cookie

noun

a small file that a website automatically sends to your computer when you connect to the website, containing information about your use of the Internet

crawler

noun

a computer program that collects documents and links from the Internet

crowd-sourcing

noun

the development of products, especially software, by a large group of people, often members of the public using the Internet

cyberbullying

noun

the activity of sending messages or images to someone using the Internet or a mobile phone in order to frighten or hurt them

cybercafé

noun

a café with computers so that customers can use the Internet

cyberloafing

noun

using the Internet where you work, during working hours, for activities that are not related to work

cyber Monday

noun

the Monday after the U.S. Thanksgiving holiday, when there is a big increase in shopping on the Internet

cybersex

noun

the use of the Internet to have sexual experiences, for example by having a sexual conversation with someone

cybershopping

noun

shopping for goods and services on the Internet

cyberspace

noun

the imaginary place that e-mails and other pieces of information pass through when they are going from one computer to another

cybersquatting

noun

the practice of buying the right to own an Internet address with the same name as that of a well-known company in order to make money by selling the address to that company

cyberstalking

noun

the use of the Internet to follow and watch someone in a threatening way

decision engine

noun

a type of search engine that collects information about users in order to provide them with relevant results for their searches

denial of service attack

noun

an attack by a computer hacker or virus in which a very large number of messages are sent to a website in a very short time, so that it stops working and people cannot use it

digital cash

noun

permission from a bank to buy goods or services on the Internet, used like money

digital certificate

noun

an electronic code (=set of numbers and letters) that proves who someone is when they do business over the Internet or send an electronic message

the digital divide

noun

the fact that people who can use the Internet have better information and more opportunities than people who cannot use it

digital signature

noun

a secret way of adding your name to an electronic message to prove that you are who you say you are. Digital signatures are used when you buy goods or make agreements on the Internet.

domain

noun

a domain name

domain name

noun

an address on the Internet

dot

noun

the way that you say the symbol . in an Internet or e-mail address

e-

prefix

on or using the Internet: used with some nouns for making new words

e-business

noun

business done on the Internet

e-cash

noun

money that exists in electronic form and is used to pay for things over the Internet

e-fraud

noun

the activity of obtaining money illegally using the Internet

e-government

noun

the use of the Internet by government, for example to give information to the public or to allow people to vote from their computer

e-learning

noun

methods of learning that involve the use of computers and the Internet

e-money

noun

e-cash

e-signature

noun

electronic signature: a way of adding your name to an electronic document such as an e-mail, used when you are buying goods or making agreements on the Internet

e-tail

noun

the activity of selling things on the Internet

e-voting

noun

the process of voting in an election using the Internet

e-wallet

noun

a feature of web browsers that allows a user to store personal details about their credit card or bank account on the Internet

e-zine

noun

a magazine that you can read on the Internet

fanfic

noun

stories for a television series written by people who watch the series regularly. The stories are published on the Internet.

flame bait

noun

a statement that someone puts on an Internet discussion group because they want to get an angry reply or to start a flame war

flame war

noun

a period during which people send angry or rude e-mails to each other

folksonomy

noun

a system of organizing information on a website in which different users add their own words to describe the information they find there so that other users can use these words to find the information. Folksonomy is a combination of the words ’folk’ and ’taxonomy’..

frame

noun

a box on an Internet page that contains information that you can scroll through (=go up and down by using the mouse). Pages usually contain several frames.

freenet

noun

a computer network that allows people to publish and obtain information on the Internet without leaving any sign of who they are

gateway

noun

a place on the Internet from which you can get information about something, and which can be guarded

gopher

noun

a system that allows people to connect to Internet sites that are not part of the World Wide Web

GPRS

noun

a system that allows you to connect to the Internet using cell phones

hit

noun

a visit by someone to a particular website

home

noun

a home page

home page

noun

a place on the Internet that you choose to appear first on your computer screen each time you look at the Internet

hot link

noun

a connection from one computer document to another by means of hypertext, especially on the Internet

hot list

noun

a list of website addresses stored in someone’s computer or shown on an Internet website

hot spot

noun

a place in an airport, restaurant, station, etc. that has a device that lets you connect a portable computer to a network or the Internet without using cables

IM

abbreviation

instant messaging

instant messaging

noun

the activity of communicating with someone directly over the Internet and replying to their messages as soon as they arrive

Internet address

noun

a code for a particular computer that is used for sending messages to it on a network or on the Internet

Internet banking

noun

a system that allows you to use the Internet to communicate with your bank, check your account, pay bills, etc.

Internet café

noun

a café where people can pay to use the Internet, send e-mails, etc.

Internet Relay Chat

noun

a method of communicating with other people immediately over the Internet, especially through discussion groups

IRC

abbreviation

internet relay chat

killfile

noun

a list of authors, subjects, or types of messages that a user of an Internet newsgroup is not interested in and that allows the user to remove them

link rot

noun

a situation in which links on websites do not work

look and feel

noun

the qualities of a website such as how attractive it looks, how easy it is for customers to use, and how successful it is in giving customers a particular opinion about the company

m-commerce

noun

mobile-commerce: commerce that is done over a cell phone or similar equipment, using services that have an Internet connection

meme

noun

an idea or piece of information that spreads very quickly on the Internet

message board

noun

a system in which a group of Internet users regularly write e-mail messages about a particular subject for other members of the group to read

microblogging

noun

putting short messages or photos on a personal blog, especially by using a mobile phone or instant messaging software

m-learning

noun

methods of learning that involve the use of mobile phones and handheld computers

moblogging

noun

the use of equipment such as cell phones or pdas to put photographs on the Internet

MP3

noun

a method of reducing the size of a computer file that contains sound, especially music, so that it can be sent quickly by e-mail or over the Internet

nanopublishing

noun

the publishing of information on the Internet using methods that do not cost a lot of money, for example using weblogs (=websites that frequently have new personal information added to them)

netiquette

noun

the polite way of expressing yourself or communicating with other people when you are using the Internet

netspeak

noun

the special language, abbreviations, and expressions used by people when communicating using the Internet

Net surfing

noun

the activity of looking at various places one after the other on the Internet

new media

noun

new technologies such as the Internet and digital television

newsgroup

noun

a place on the Internet where people can leave messages about a subject or activity that interests them, for other people to read

newsreader

noun

a computer program that allows someone to read and leave messages on Internet newsgroups

online banking

noun

a system that allows you to communicate with your bank on the Internet

OTP

noun

open trading protocol: a set of rules that has been developed to make buying and selling over the Internet easier and safer

phishing

noun

the practice of trying to trick someone into giving their secret bank information by sending them an e-mail that looks as if it comes from their bank and that asks them to give their account number or password

point of presence

noun

a telephone number that a computer calls in order to be connected to the Internet

POP

abbreviation

point of presence: a telephone number for an internet service provider that can be used to connect to the Internet using a modem

post

noun

a piece of writing that is published on the Internet

posting

noun

writing or images that are put online where other people can see them

PPP

abbreviation

point-to-point protocol: a method of sending information between computers on a network using a modem that is connected to the Internet

PPTP

abbreviation

point-to-point tunneling protocol: a method of sending information between computers on a public network so that only the people intended to see the information can see it

proxy server

noun

a computer system that allows users to go to popular websites more quickly, by storing pages that are often asked for or have been recently used

push technology

noun

a type of computer technology that automatically sends information to your computer over the Internet so that you do not have to request it

QR code

noun

Quick Response code: a code consisting of a pattern of black and white squares which can be read by a mobile device, computer, etc. QR codes are used to provide further information about something.

roaming

noun

the ability to connect to the Internet or to use your cell phone when you are traveling, without having to make long-distance or international phone calls

RSS feed

noun

a file that delivers information from a website, sometimes in a summary with links to the full document, to another website. RSS feeds are used mainly to supply the latest information to websites that are regularly updated.

search

noun

the process of using a computer to find information, especially on the Internet

search

noun

the process of searching for information on the Internet, or the business and technology that supports this

search engine

noun

a computer program used for searching for information on the Internet

secure server

noun

a server that is suitable to use for doing business over the Internet because it can deal with information that has been encrypted (=made safe by putting it into a form that not everyone can read)

server farm

noun

a building or a group of buildings that holds a large collection of servers for connecting to the Internet

shopping cart

noun

an area on a seller’s website that stores the list of items that a customer chooses to buy

sidebar

noun

a block of writing at the side of the main writing in an Internet document

Skype

a network on the Internet that you can use to make telephone calls

spam

noun

e-mails that are sent to large numbers of people on the Internet, especially when these are not wanted

spamming

noun

the practice of sending e-mails to large numbers of people on the Internet, especially when these are not wanted

spider

noun

a program that searches for new websites on the Internet and builds them into a database that users can use to find documents containing a particular word, phrase or subject

start page

noun

the words and pictures that first appear on a computer screen when you use the Internet

streaming

noun

a technology for getting sound or video to your computer through the Internet as a continuous stream so that you can hear the sound or see the video before all the information has been received by your computer

surfing

noun

the activity of looking at various places one after another on the Internet or on television to find something interesting

talkboard

noun

an Internet discussion group on a particular subject, sometimes involving people with special knowledge who answer questions

Telnet

noun

a software program for getting information stored on another computer on the Internet by typing instructions into the other computer

text chat

noun

a way in which several internet users can send messages to each other immediately

thread

noun

a series of e-mail messages or messages on a bulletin board about a particular subject

top-level domain

noun

the last part of an Internet address that comes after the dot, for example .edu, .com, or .uk

Usenet

noun

a system for sending news and information to people over the Internet

viral

noun

something such as a joke, a short movie, or an advertisement that is funny or entertaining and is passed around among people using the Internet

VoIP

noun

voice over Internet protocol: a technology that allows voice messages to be sent over the Internet

web browser

noun

a software program that is used for finding and looking at pages on the Internet

webcast

noun

a broadcast on the Internet

webcasting

noun

the use of the Internet as a way of broadcasting information using websites

web hosting

noun

the business of supplying computer space for websites, which sometimes also includes other related services such as advice in creating the websites themselves

webinar

noun

a talk on a subject which is given over the Internet, allowing a group of people in different places to watch, listen and sometimes respond on the same occasion

webzine

noun

a magazine that is published on the Internet

white pages

noun

a list of users and their e-mail addresses stored on the Internet to help other users to find an e-mail address

zine

noun

an informal magazine produced either on paper or on the Internet, written by people who are not professional writers

content farming

noun

e-tailing

noun

hacktivism

noun

conscious uncoupling

the act of ending a marriage or romantic relationship in a way which shows that the two people will remain friends …

BuzzWord Article

Word of the Day

astronomer

someone who studies the stars and planets using scientific equipment including telescopes

Open Dictionary

silver splitter

someone who divorces or separates from his/her partner in late middle age

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