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Sports fields and parts of sports fields

alley

noun

one of the two narrow areas at either side of a tennis court that are used when four people are playing

AstroTurf

a type of artificial surface that looks like grass and is used to cover fields where games such as baseball and football are played

baseline

noun

the line that marks the back of the playing area in games such as tennis

the bench

noun

a place where people in a sports team sit when they are not playing

bleachers

noun

a structure with several rows of seats in a gym or a park where people can watch sports games

bowl

noun

used in the names of some large sports stadiums in the U.S.

the box

noun

the penalty area in soccer

clay

noun

a hard surface made from clay on which tennis is played

court

noun

an area marked with lines where some sports are played, such as tennis and basketball

crease

noun

the area in front of the goal in a game such as hockey or lacrosse where a player stands to prevent the other team from scoring

crossbar

noun

the bar that joins the two upright posts of a goal

dugout

noun

a small shelter by the side of a sports field where team members sit during a game when they are not playing

end

noun

one of the two halves of the area where a sports game is played

goal

noun

an area or structure that a ball must go into or through to score points in some sports

goal line

noun

the line at each end of a sports field that a ball must cross to score a goal

goalmouth

noun

the area on some sports fields just in front of the goal

goalpost

noun

one of the two posts that the ball must go between to score a goal in games such as soccer

grandstand

noun

a large structure with rows of seats from which people watch sports events

grass

noun

a tennis court made of grass

ground staff

noun

the people who take care of an area where sports are played

hard court

noun

a tennis court with a hard surface that is not grass or clay

home

noun

the place where a sports team is based and plays most of its games. A team that is playing at home is called the home team, and their supporters are called the home crowd. If a team plays at the place where the opposing team is based, they are playing away

home-court advantage

noun

the advantage that you have over an opponent when a sports contest takes place at your own sports field or court

home-field advantage

noun

home-court advantage

home ground

noun

the field a sports team usually plays and practices on

the left wing

noun

the left side of a field for a team when it is facing its opponents in soccer, rugby, or field hockey

midfield

noun

the middle part of the field in football, soccer, and other games played with a ball

net

noun

in soccer, the large box made of net that is the goal

penalty area

noun

in soccer, the area in front of the goal where the goalkeeper is allowed to hold the ball and where a penalty is given if a player breaks a rule

penalty spot

noun

in soccer, the place where a player puts the ball when they are taking a penalty kick

pitch

noun

a sports field

playable

adjective

a sports field that is playable is in good enough condition for a game to be played on it

playing field

noun

a piece of land with lines marked on it where a particular sport is played

position

noun

in team sports, the part of the field where a particular player plays

post

noun

one of the two tall upright poles that a player tries to get a ball between in games such as soccer and football

recreation ground

noun

a piece of public land where sports and games are played

the right wing

noun

the right side of a field for a team when it is facing its opponents in games such as soccer and field hockey

sideline

noun

either of the lines on the sides of a sports field that show where the edges of the field are

the sidelines

noun

the area at the edge of a sports field

stand

noun

a part of a sports stadium where people sit or stand to watch a game or event

surface

noun

a flat area used for playing sports, or the material used for making this area

territory

noun

an area that a player or team defends in a sport

touchline

noun

one of the two lines that show the sides of a playing area in a sport, especially soccer

tramlines

noun

the long white lines at either side of a tennis court that mark the extra playing area allowed if four people are playing

turf

noun

a sports playing field covered with short grass

turf

noun

artificial grass used for covering a sports playing field

unplayable

adjective

a piece of ground that is unplayable cannot be used for playing sports on, usually because the weather is bad

wing

noun

the left or right side of a sports field

woodwork

noun

the frame of a goal, especially in soccer

creep

used with other nouns to describe the unexpected and often unwanted effects of a particular situation or trend

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sandwich woman

a woman in middle age who has to juggle caring for teenage children and ageing parents with a career

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