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Space vehicles and space travel

aerospace

adjective

relating to the science or business of building and flying airplanes and space vehicles

Apollo

a U.S. space program that sent rockets into space in the 1960s and 1970s and put the first man on the Moon

astronaut

noun

someone who travels and works in space

blast off

if a spaceship blasts off, it leaves the ground

blast-off

noun

the moment when a spacecraft leaves the ground

booster

noun

an extra engine on a spacecraft that gives it enough power to leave the Earth’s atmosphere

Cape Canaveral

the home of the Kennedy Space Center in Florida where U.S. space vehicles and missiles are launched into space

capsule

noun

the part of a space vehicle in which people travel

communications satellite

noun

a piece of equipment sent into space that travels around the Earth and passes television, radio, and telephone signals from one place to another

cosmonaut

noun

an astronaut in the Russian space program

craft

noun

an aircraft or space vehicle

dock

verb

if a spacecraft docks, it joins to another spacecraft while they are still in space

flight path

noun

the route that an aircraft, space vehicle, or missile follows as it travels through the air

fly-by

noun

a flight by a spaceship past a planet

flying saucer

noun

a round flat object believed to be a spacecraft from another planet

gantry

noun

a large structure that is used to build and repair a rocket or other space vehicle

geostationary

adjective

a geostationary satellite appears to remain in the same place, because it travels at the same speed as the Earth

intergalactic

adjective

traveling or happening between different galaxies (=large groups of stars)

interplanetary

adjective

traveling or taking place between different planets

launch

verb

to send a missile, space vehicle, satellite, or other object into the air or into space

launch

noun

the act of sending a missile, space vehicle, satellite, or other object into the air or into space

launch pad

noun

the surface from which a missile, space vehicle, etc. is sent into the air or into space

lift off

when an aircraft or space vehicle lifts off, it goes up from the ground into the air

lift-off

noun

the time when a space vehicle goes up from the ground into the air

lunar module

noun

a small vehicle used in space for traveling between a large spacecraft and the moon

manned

adjective

a manned space vehicle or aircraft has people on it who operate it

mission

noun

a flight into space

mission control

noun

a group of people who control a space flight from the ground, or the place where they do this

module

noun

a part of a space vehicle that is used separately to do a particular job

moonwalk

noun

a walk by an astronautacross part of the Moon’s surface in order to study it. The first person to walk on the Moon was Neil Armstrong on July 20, 1969.

NASA

the National Aeronautics and Space Administration: a government organization responsible for space research and sending rockets into space

orbiter

noun

a spacecraft or satellite that is designed to travel continuously around a planet or other object in space but not to land on it

pad

noun

a flat hard area where helicopters take off and land or where rockets are launched into space

payload

noun

the equipment or people in a space vehicle

pod

noun

the part of a space vehicle that can be separated from the main part

probe

noun

a space probe

reentry

noun

the moment when a spacecraft enters the Earth’s atmosphere again

rocket

noun

a vehicle shaped like a tube that travels in space. A rocket is launched when it is sent up from the ground into the sky.

rover

noun

a small vehicle used by astronauts for traveling on the surface of a planet

satellite

noun

an object that is sent into space to travel around the Earth in order to receive and send information

ship

noun

a large vehicle, especially a spacecraft

shuttle

noun

a space shuttle

soft landing

noun

the process by which an airplane or a space vehicle comes down to the ground in a gentle and safe way

the space age

noun

the period that began when people first started to travel into space

space capsule

noun

a small space vehicle in which astronauts return to Earth from space

spacecraft

noun

a vehicle that can travel in space

space flight

noun

a trip into space

spaceman

noun

an astronaut

space probe

noun

a vehicle containing cameras and other equipment that is sent into space to collect information and send it back to Earth

spaceship

noun

a spacecraft

space shuttle

noun

a vehicle that travels into space and back to Earth and lands like an airplane

space station

noun

a laboratory in space that people can live in for long periods of time

spacesuit

noun

a set of clothes that allows someone to move and breathe in space

space tourism

noun

space travel that is done for enjoyment

spacewalk

noun

an occasion when an astronaut goes outside the spacecraft in space, for example to repair something

spacewoman

noun

a female astronaut

splash down

when a space vehicle splashes down, it lands in the sea after being in space

starship

noun

in science fiction stories, a large vehicle that can travel very long distances in space

taikonaut

noun

an astronaut in the Chinese space programme

suborbital

adjective

a suborbital space flight travels some of the way but not all of the way around the Earth

test flight

noun

an occasion when a plane or rocket (=vehicle for traveling into space) is flown for the first time in order to test its equipment

thruster

noun

an engine on a spacecraft or aircraft that controls in what direction and how high it flies

touch down

if an aircraft or space vehicle touches down, it lands

tracking station

noun

a place where scientists check and record the movements of space vehicles and satellites

Trekkie

noun

someone who is very interested in space and in books and movies about space

sandwich generation

a generation … who are balancing working life with caring for both their teenage children and elderly parents

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

dish

to gossip or share personal information with someone …

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