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Regions of the world

the Antarctic

the extremely cold region that is the most southern part of the world. The most northern region is the Arctic.

the Arctic

the region that is the most northern part of the world. The most southern region is the Antarctic.

Asia-Pacific

noun

a region that includes some of the countries of East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Rim

Atlantic Rim

the countries that border the Atlantic Ocean, especially its northern part

Australasia

a region that includes Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, and some South Pacific islands

biome

noun

an area of the world that has a particular type of weather and contains particular plants and animals

the Caribbean

the islands in the Caribbean Sea and the countries that surround it

the Celtic fringe

noun

Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, especially when considering their culture and history

Central America

noun

the part of the American continent between the U.S. and South America

climate

noun

an area that has a particular type of weather

clime

noun

a place with a particular type of weather

colony

noun

one of the parts of North America that was ruled by Britain before becoming the U.S.

continent

noun

one of the very large areas of land on Earth that are usually divided into several countries

the Continent

noun

the part of Europe, especially Western Europe, that is on one continuous area of land, as opposed to the U.K. or Ireland, which are islands

dominion

noun

an area that is ruled by one person or government

east

noun

the eastern part of the world, especially China and Japan

east

noun

the countries in the eastern part of Europe

East Asia

the far east

the eastern hemisphere

noun

countries in what is considered to be the eastern half of the world, especially the countries of Asia

empire

noun

a number of countries ruled by one person or government

Europe

noun

the large area of land that is between Asia and the Atlantic Ocean. It is one of the six continents of the world.

Europe

noun

all of Europe apart from the U.K.

the Far East

noun

the countries of the eastern part of Asia, including China, Malaysia, and Japan

hemisphere

noun

one half of the Earth, divided between north and south by the equator

Iberia

the part of Europe that includes Spain and Portugal

the Iberian Peninsula

iberia

Latin America

noun

the part of the American continent consisting of Mexico, Central America, and South America, where Spanish and Portuguese are the main languages

latitudes

noun

a place or region at a particular latitude

the Low Countries

noun

the part of Europe that consists of the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg

the Med

the countries around the Mediterranean Sea, especially those that are popular for vacations

the Mediterranean

the sea that has Europe to the north, North Africa to the south, and western Asia to the east

the Mediterranean

the countries that surround the Mediterranean Sea

the Middle East

the region of the world that consists of the countries east of the Mediterranean Sea and west of India. It includes Egypt, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iran, and Iraq.

the Mideast

the middle east

the Near East

noun

the middle east

the New World

North, Central, and South America, especially at the time when Europeans first discovered these areas and knew little about them

the northern hemisphere

noun

the northern half of the Earth, north of the equator (=the imaginary line that marks the middle of the Earth)

the North Pole

the place on the surface of the Earth that is the farthest north

the Occident

noun

the western part of the world, especially Europe and North and South America

Oceania

noun

the region of the world that includes the Pacific islands and the seas around them, sometimes also including Australia and New Zealand

the Old World

Europe, Asia, and Africa

the Orient

noun

the countries of eastern Asia, especially China and Japan

pole

noun

one of the points on the very top or bottom of the Earth, called the north pole and the south pole

producer

noun

a country or region that produces a lot of something

Scandinavia

noun

the countries of Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, and Finland considered as a group

South Asia

the part of Asia that contains the countries of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

Southeast Asia

the part of Asia that contains the countries of Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, and the Philippines

the Southern Cone

noun

the part of South America that consists of Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, and Paraguay

the southern hemisphere

noun

the half of the Earth that is south of the equator (=the imaginary line around the middle of the Earth)

the South Pole

noun

the farthest point south on the Earth, in the center of Antarctica

subcontinent

noun

a large area of land that forms part of a continent, especially the part of Asia that contains India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

the subtropics

noun

the warm areas of the Earth that are next to the tropics

the Third World

noun

countries that are poor and do not have much industrial development. People now prefer to use the expression developing countries.

the tropics

noun

the hottest part of the Earth, between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn

the West

noun

the part of the world that includes Europe and North America

world

noun

a particular group of countries

zone

noun

one of the large areas that the world is divided into according to its temperature

dark pool

a method of financial trading in which share prices are hidden and not openly available to the public

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