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Processes in computing

ABEND

noun

a sudden failure of a computer program

access time

noun

the time that it takes for a computer program to find a piece of information and make it available

A-D conversion

noun

an electronic process that changes an analog signal to a digital signal

AI

noun

artificial intelligence

alpha test

noun

a first test by a company of its new computer equipment or software

artificial intelligence

noun

the use of computer technology to make computers and other machines think and do things in the way that people can

AR

noun

the technology of putting images or information produced by a computer on top of a real view, image, video, etc. so that the user can see both at the same time

authentication

noun

a system that keeps computer information safe by checking who the user is and checking that the information has not been changed

authoring

noun

the process of creating documents and programs on a computer using special software

background processing

noun

processes that continue while the user is working with another program

batch

noun

a series of jobs that a computer does as a set

batch processing

noun

a process in which a computer runs a series of programs without the user having to do anything after the process has started

beta test

noun

a test in which a new computer product is given free to customers to use so that they can find mistakes

burn-in

noun

a final test for a piece of software in which it is used continuously to check for problems

BYOD

abbreviation

bring your own device: the practice of allowing employees or students to bring their own computing devices to work, college, etc and use them on the organization’s network

CAD

noun

computer-aided design: the use of computers to design things such as vehicles and buildings

CAD/CAM

noun

computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing: the use of computers to design and make machines, equipment, and other products

CAM

noun

computer-aided manufacturing: the use of computers to make machines, equipment, and other products

capture

noun

the process of putting information or pictures into a form that can be used by a computer

character recognition

noun

a process by which a computer recognizes letters, numbers, or symbols and turns them into a digital form that a computer can use

cloud computing

noun

the use of computer programs that are on the Internet rather than on your own computer

compression

noun

a method for reducing the size of a computer file, for example so that it takes less space to store on a computer, or less time to send over the Internet

computer-aided design

noun

CAD

computer-aided manufacturing

noun

CAM

computer graphics

noun

pictures that are made using a computer

computer modeling

noun

the use of computer images to help you solve technical problems

computing

noun

the activity or skill of using computers or programming computers

connectivity

noun

the ability of computers and other types of electronic equipment to connect successfully with other computers or programs

copy protection

noun

a way of stopping people from copying computer software without getting permission from the person who wrote it

crash

noun

an occasion when a computer or a computer program suddenly stops working

data capture

noun

the process of collecting data and putting it into a computer by electronic methods

data compression

noun

the process of changing information into a smaller form that can be stored more easily or sent more quickly

data mining

noun

the process of searching a database using special software in order to find out information, for example what type of people buy a product. It is often used by companies as a way of trying to increase sales.

data processing

noun

the operations performed by a computer in order to store, organize, or find information

decompression

noun

the process of decompressing a computer file

default

noun

the way that something will appear or be done if you make no other choice, especially on a computer

deletion

noun

the process of deleting something

delivery

noun

the process of providing information through a computer

direct access

noun

the ability to get information directly from the place on a computer where it is stored, without having to go through the information that goes before it

direct connection

noun

a fast permanent connection between a computer and a system such as the Internet

disk compression

noun

a way of making more space available on a computer by compressing a file when you save it and changing it back to its original form when you open it again

dithering

noun

the process of creating new colors on a computer screen by changing the patterns of the small spots that make up the colors

download

noun

the process of downloading information to your computer

DP

abbreviation

data processing: the use of a computer to store or make changes to information

dump

noun

the process of copying information stored inside a computer to another part of the same computer or onto something such as a disk

EDC

noun

electronic data capture: the process of collecting information using a computer

EDI

noun

electronic data interchange: the movement of information between computers in different companies using a network, for example the Internet

error detection

noun

the process of using special software or equipment to find problems in information that someone puts into a computer and tries to send somewhere

error interrupt

noun

a signal for a computer to stop what it is doing, sent because of a fault in software or equipment

error recovery

noun

the ability of software or equipment to continue to run after there has been a problem

execution

noun

the process of making a computer use a program or carry out an instruction

function

noun

the purpose of a computer program or piece of computer equipment

function

noun

a single basic operation performed by a computer

functionality

noun

the range of things that a computer or other electronic system can do

fuzzy logic

noun

a type of logic used in computers that are designed to behave like humans

fuzzy search

noun

a computer search that gives results that are similar to what you asked for as well as ones that are exactly what you asked for

go-live

noun

the first time that a computer system can be used, after all the tests on it have been completed

hit

noun

a piece of information that a computer program finds for you

housekeeping

noun

things that have to be done regularly on a computer system to make sure that it will run well

information processing

noun

the process of organizing and working with information by computer

installation

noun

the process of putting a new program or piece of software into a computer

interrogation

noun

the process of getting information from a computer by using a special program

IT

noun

information technology: the use of computers and other electronic equipment to store, process, and send information

job

noun

something that a computer, printer, etc. does

keystroke

noun

a single action of pressing a key on a typewriter or computer

keyword

noun

a word that you type on a computer keyboard in order to find information about a particular subject

language engineering

noun

the development of computer systems that process language for use in industry

lock

noun

something that prevents information on a computer from being changed or looked at by someone who does not have permission

lockdown

noun

a method for limiting use of a computer network to only the users who have permission to use it, in order to prevent damage, for example, from Internet intruders

login

noun

the process of performing the necessary actions to start using a computer program or system

logon

noun

the process of performing the necessary actions to open a computer program or start using a computer system

logout

noun

the process of performing the necessary actions to close a computer program or leave a computer system

machine translation

noun

the translation of a piece of writing from one language to another by a computer

manipulation

noun

the process of changing, correcting, or moving information stored on a computer

markup

noun

instructions added to documents that tell a computer how to print or organize the information

message code authentication

noun

a computer process that checks who e-mails come from and whether they are safe

messaging

noun

the process of sending and receiving electronic messages by computer or cell phone

migration

noun

the process of starting to use a different computer system, or of making someone do this

migration

noun

the process of moving software or hardware to a different computer system

MPEG

noun

a method for reducing the size of computer files that contain video images and sound so that they can be sent quickly by e-mail or over the Internet

multitasking

noun

the ability of a computer to do several different things at the same time

NLP

noun

natural language processing: the activity of using computers to produce or understand natural language

OCR

noun

optical character recognition: the ability of a computer to read printed or written numbers and words

OMR

noun

optical mark reading: the ability of a computer to read printed or written information, especially in special boxes on forms

open source

noun

the practice of writing computer programs that are based on a code that is available for anyone to use

parallel processing

noun

the use of more than one computer to operate different parts of the same program in order to work faster

pass

noun

one of several stages in a process that involves checking and dealing with information, often using a computer, in order to improve it

pasting

noun

the act of moving words or pictures on a computer screen from one place to another

programming

noun

the activity or job of writing and developing computer programs

protocol

noun

a set of rules that controls the ways in which data is sent between computers

queue

noun

a set of jobs waiting to be done by a computer

random access

noun

the ability to get information directly from the place on a computer where it is stored, without having to search through the information that goes before it

remote access

noun

the ability to use a computer using a separate terminal

restoration

noun

the process of returning the original software programs to a computer after it has been repaired

retrieval

noun

the process of getting back information stored inside a computer in order to use it again

rollback

noun

the process of loading software again after there has been a problem with the original software

RTF

abbreviation

rich text format: a way of storing a computer document so that when you send it to someone, it will look exactly the same on their computer screen

screen dump

noun

the process of printing or saving what appears on your computer screen

search

noun

the process of using a computer to find information, especially on the Internet

search

noun

the process of searching for information on the Internet, or the business and technology that supports this

sentiment analysis

noun

the process of using a computer to automatically examine a piece of writing in order to find out the writer’s opinions or feelings about something

SEO

abbreviation

search engine optimization: the process of editing the material on a website so that the website appears near the top of the list of results produced by a search engine and so attracts more visitors

sequential access

noun

a way of getting and reading a computer file by starting at the beginning

sort

noun

the process by which a computer arranges information in a particular order, for example by date or number, or in alphabetical order

speech recognition

noun

a system where you speak to a computer to make it do things, for example instead of using a keyboard

speech synthesis

noun

a process in which a computer produces sounds that are similar to human speech

start-up

noun

the process of switching on a computer

support

noun

technical support

systems analysis

noun

the job of working out what kind of computer systems a company or project needs and designing them

task management

noun

the process in which the system software controls what resources are given to which programs

technical support

noun

a service provided by a computer company to help customers who are having problems using their products

telecomputing

noun

the process of sending information to or receiving information from another computer using the Internet, a modem, or a local area network

telepresence

noun

a situation in which a person’s actions can be sent by electronic signals to a distant place, making it appear that the person is physically present at that place

text processing

noun

the use of a computer to produce, change, and store pieces of writing

texturing

noun

in computer graphics, the adding of surface detail to an image

timeout

noun

a time when a computer connected to the Internet automatically logs off when no information is entered

upgrade

noun

the process of upgrading a computer

virtual reality

noun

images and sounds that are produced by a computer and connected equipment to make the user feel as if they are in real three-dimensional space

voiceprint identification

noun

the use of the sound of a person’s voice as a method of recognizing them

voice recognition

noun

the ability of a computer to know the voice of a person speaking into it, so that only voices that the computer knows can use the system

word processing

noun

the work or skill of producing written documents on a computer or word processor

wraparound

noun

an instruction to a computer to start a new line of text automatically after you type the last letter on the previous line

browse

noun

cut and paste

noun

reboot

noun

speech/text etc. recognition

the ability of a computer to recognize voices, writing, etc.

the cloud

a way of delivering data to any digital device, anywhere and at any time

pre-cation

a paid holiday given to a new employee before they start their job

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