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People in authority in the Christian church

abbess

noun

a woman who is in charge of a convent (=a religious community of women)

abbot

noun

a man who is in charge of an abbey

archbishop

noun

a priest of the highest rank in some Christian churches who is responsible for all the churches in a particular area

the Archbishop of Canterbury

the most senior priest in the Church of England

archbishopric

noun

the rank of archbishop

archdeacon

noun

a priest of a high rank in the Anglican Church whose job is to help a bishop

bishop

noun

a Christian priest with a senior position who is responsible for all the churches in a particular area

bishopric

noun

the job of a bishop

canon

noun

a Christian priest who works in a cathedral

cardinal

noun

a priest with a very senior position in the Roman Catholic Church, below that of the pope

chaplain

noun

a Christian priest or minister who works in an institution such as a school or a hospital, or in the army

chaplaincy

noun

the job of a chaplain, or the place where a chaplain works

chapter

noun

all the priests who belong to a cathedral

churchman

noun

a man who is a priest, minister, bishop, etc.

churchwarden

noun

someone who takes care of the property and money of a church

clergy

noun

the people who lead religious services, especially Christian priests. A man who leads religious services is sometimes called a clergyman and a woman who leads religious services is sometimes called a clergywoman

cleric

noun

a member of the clergy

clerical

adjective

relating to priests

the cloth

noun

Christian priests and ministers considered as a group

curate

noun

an Anglican priest who helps a more senior priest

deacon

noun

someone with a position just below that of a priest in the Roman Catholic, Anglican, or Orthodox churches

deacon

noun

someone whose job is to help a minister (=a priest) in some Protestant churches

deaconess

noun

a woman with a position just below that of a priest in the Roman Catholic, Anglican, or Orthodox churches

dean

noun

a senior Christian priest in a cathedral or other important church

Dominican

noun

a priest, monk, or nun who belongs to a Christian religious group started by St. Dominic.

ecclesiastic

noun

a Christian priest, minister, etc.

elder

noun

a member of a Christian church or other religious organization who is not a priest but who is in a position of authority

eminence

noun

used for referring to a cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church

episcopacy

noun

the bishops of a church

episcopal

adjective

relating to bishops

Father

noun

used for talking to or about a priest, especially a Roman Catholic priest

Fr.

abbreviation

Father: used before the name of a priest

high priest

noun

the most important or powerful priest

high priestess

noun

the most important or powerful female priest

the Holy See

the Pope and the officials who work for him at the Vatican

the Inquisition

the organization that tried to find and punish people who did not agree with the Roman Catholic Church, especially from the 15th to the 17th centuries. The Inquisition used very cruel methods that sometimes killed people.

inquisitor

noun

a member of the inquisition

Jesuit

noun

a priest who belongs to a Christian religious organization called the Society of Jesus that was started in 1534

legate

noun

an official representative, especially of a pope (=the leader of the Roman Catholic Church) or a government, who is sent to a foreign country

man of God

noun

a priest or minister

man of the cloth

noun

a priest or minister

Mgr.

abbreviation

Monsignor

minister

noun

in some Protestant churches, someone whose job is to lead worship and perform other duties

ministry

noun

the profession or work of a church minister

ministry

noun

the period of time when someone is a church minister

the ministry

noun

church ministers considered as a group

moderator

noun

a senior religious leader in a Protestant church

Monsignor

noun

a way of talking to or about a priest of high rank in the Roman Catholic Church

Mother Superior

noun

a woman who is in charge of a convent

Mother Teresa

a nun (=a woman who is a member of a religious community) who took care of poor and sick people in Calcutta, India

Msgr.

abbreviation

Monsignor

nuncio

noun

an official representative of the pope (=the leader of the Roman Catholic Church) in a foreign country

order

noun

the rank of a priest or minister

padre

noun

a priest who performs religious services in the military

parson

noun

a priest or minister in charge of a parish (=a small area)

pastor

noun

a priest or minister in some Christian churches

pastoral

adjective

relating to the work that a priest or other religious leader does to help and advise people

patriarch

noun

a religious leader in one of the orthodox Christian churches

pontiff

noun

the pope

Pope

noun

the leader of the Roman Catholic Church

preacher

noun

someone whose job is to give religious speeches or to lead religious ceremonies in some Christian churches

predicant

noun

a priest in the Dutch Protestant Church in South Africa

predikant

noun

another spelling of predicant

prelate

noun

an official of high rank in the Christian Church such as a bishop or a cardinal

priest

noun

someone whose job is to lead worship and perform other duties and ceremonies in some Christian churches

the priesthood

noun

the work and responsibility of being a priest

priesthood

noun

all the priests of a particular religion or country

priestly

adjective

relating to the life and work of a priest

primate

noun

the name in some religions or churches for a priest of the highest rank in a particular region or country

prior

noun

a man who is in charge of a priory

prioress

noun

a woman who is in charge of a priory

provost

noun

the priest in charge of a cathedral

rector

noun

a priest in an Anglican church, who in the past was paid directly by the people in his parish

Rev.

abbreviation

Reverend

Reverend

noun

a title used for some Christian priests and ministers

Reverend Mother

noun

a title used for a mother superior in charge of a convent (=a religious group of women) in the Christian Church

sexton

noun

someone whose job is to take care of a church and the buildings connected with it

S.J.

abbreviation

Society of Jesus: written after the name of a priest who is a jesuit

suffragan

noun

a bishop who is chosen to help another bishop with a higher rank

vicar

noun

a priest in the U.S. episcopal Church

vicar

noun

a priest in the Church of England

food rave

a very large party where people eat, sell or share many different types of food, usually held outside or in a large public building

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Open Dictionary

dead white (European) male

a man … whose achievements may have been overestimated because he belonged to the gender and ethnic group … that was dominant at the time

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