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Parts of lakes, rivers and streams

backwater

noun

an area of water that is connected to a river but is not affected by its current

bayou

noun

a large area of water that flows very slowly and has a lot of water plants and animals living in it

bed

noun

the ground at the bottom of an ocean or river

bed

noun

an area in a river, lake, or ocean where there are a lot of plants or animals of a particular kind

bight

noun

a long curved part of the coast or a large river

bottom

noun

the deepest part of the ocean or of a pool, lake, or river

branch

noun

a part of a river that leads away from the main part

cascade

noun

a small waterfall

cataract

noun

a large waterfall

channel

noun

a narrow area of deeper water in a river, port, etc. that ships can use

confluence

noun

a place where two rivers join

crosscurrent

noun

a current that flows across the main current in a river or ocean

estuary

noun

the part of a large river where it becomes wide and flows into the ocean

falls

noun

a waterfall

firth

noun

in Scotland, the mouth of a river, where it meets the ocean

floodgate

noun

a gate that controls a flow of water in a river or lake

ford

noun

a place in a stream or river where the water is not deep and you can walk or drive across

fork

noun

one of the parts that a road, path, or river divides into

head

noun

the beginning of a river, where the water comes from

headwaters

noun

the place where a stream starts before it flows into a river

lock

noun

a place on a river or canal with a set of gates which open and close to allow boats in. The water can then be moved to a lower or higher level.

midstream

noun

the middle part of a river, where the current is usually the strongest

mouth

noun

the place where a river is widest and joins the ocean

open water

noun

a part of a river or lake where there is no ice, or the time when the ice on a river, etc. becomes water

rapids

noun

a part of a river where the water moves extremely quickly over rocks and is usually dangerous

riverbed

noun

the ground at the bottom of a river

shallows

noun

a part of a river, ocean, or other area of water where the water is not very deep

source

noun

the beginning of a river or stream

waterfall

noun

a place where water flows over the edge of a cliff, rock, or other steep place onto another level below

weir

noun

a place in a river or stream where a wall has been built across it to control the flow of water

whirlpool

noun

a strong movement in a river or stream that makes the water move around and pulls things under

white water

noun

a part of a river where the water flows so fast that it looks white

the upper/lower reaches of something

a particular part of a river that is near to/far from where it begins

pre-cation

a paid holiday given to a new employee before they start their job

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