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Mountaineering, rock climbing and caving

abseil

verb

to rappel down a steep surface

ascend

verb

to climb a mountain, stairs, etc.

ascent

noun

a climb upward, especially up a hill or mountain

base camp

noun

a place used temporarily for storing supplies and starting an activity, especially climbing a mountain

canyoneering

noun

the dangerous sport of traveling through canyons using skills such as climbing, swimming, and rappelling

caving

noun

the sport of walking and climbing through caves under the ground

climb

verb

to use your hands and feet to move up cliffs or mountains as a sport

climber

noun

someone who takes part in the activity of climbing

climbing

noun

the activity of climbing mountains and rocks for enjoyment and exercise

climbing wall

noun

a wall with special holes, cracks, and lumps in it, usually in a building, that people use for practicing climbing rocks

conquer

verb

to succeed in climbing a tall mountain

crampon

noun

a piece of metal with sharp points that you put on your boots for climbing on snow or ice

crest

verb

to reach the top of something such as a hill

descend

verb

to go down a mountain or slope, or to go down some stairs

foothold

noun

a small hole, crack, or lump on a surface where you can put your foot to support yourself when climbing

hold

noun

a place where you put your foot or hand so that you do not fall, for example when you are climbing

mountainboarding

noun

the dangerous sport of traveling down hills on a board on wheels

mountaineer

noun

someone who climbs high or dangerous mountains

mountaineering

noun

the activity of climbing mountains

pitch

noun

in climbing, an area crossed by people using the same rope

piton

noun

a piece of metal that you attach into rock to hold a rope when you are climbing

rappel

verb

to come down the side of a cliff or mountain using a rope that is fastened to the top of the cliff or mountain and to your body

rock climbing

noun

the activity of climbing the side of a mountain or large rock for enjoyment, usually using ropes and other equipment. Rock climbing is often simply called climbing.

scale

verb

to climb to or over the top of a high steep object such as a mountain or a wall

scramble

noun

a difficult climb in which you use your feet and hands

Sherpa

noun

someone from Tibet or Nepal whose job is to help people who walk in the Himalayan mountains

spelunking

noun

the activity of climbing into caves under the ground for enjoyment

tackle

noun

special equipment that people use for sports such as fishing or rock climbing

top

verb

to reach the top of a hill or slope

rock climber

noun

pre-cation

a paid holiday given to a new employee before they start their job

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